IT tools for Open Design and Construct management

The lessons from our cases - both the failures and the successes - show that in complex situations SII, management practices PII are required that are focused at the interest of all stakeholders, the powerful as well as the less powerful ones.

The cases also show how difficult it is to live up to this requirement. As the VPRO-case of Chapter 8 illustrates, it is very tempting, but ultimately disastrous, to exclude at early design stages important, but rather powerless stakeholders whose interests bring along difficult constraints.

The current management technique to cope with multi-stakeholders issues is called framing, because it systematically frames the issues of the various stakeholders (Sch5n and Rein, 1994). Framing helps to put stakeholders interests into a balanced perspective, but it does not assist in weighing those interests against each other. How much weight should be given to the various stakeholders interests usually requires a quantification of essential parameters. Such quantification is provided by Open Design methodology (Open Design, A Collaborative Approach to Architecture) which incorporates stakeholders interests into a mathematical model. The model enables the establishment of solution spaces within which solutions are possible or - if the solution space turns out to be zero - assessing how much demands from crucial stakeholders will have to be alleviated to allow a solution at all.

The mathematical modelling of stakeholders' interests adds a completely new domain to IT-based assistance in project management (Table 11.1).

For many years, Open Design methodology has mainly been limited to using linear programming with negotiable constraints. In recent years new mathematical models, in particular incorporating stakeholders' preferences and allowing for risk and mitigations-on-the-run in network planning, were added to the repertoire of Open Design (Open Design, Cases and Exercises, Chapters 3, 5, 6,11,13,14).

These IT applications are of great importance to stakeholders oriented Open Design and Construct management. Framing - providing a qualitative analysis - is useful, but not enough. Quantification, as provided by Open Design methodology, is essential for achieving a synthesis of interests.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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