Conclusions

1. In Open Design, the bill of materials and building legislation are not considered to be fixed at all cost. Exemptions are always possible provided they can be justified convincingly to the relevant stakeholders and authorities.

2. In the dynamic Open Design process, a distinction should be made be tween versions of the LP-model having different constraints, and iterations with different values of the constraints within one version.

3. When the solution space is zero - i.e. no solution is possible with the current constraints - the open designer should look for possible alleviations in the constraints that are most determinant, regardless of whether they are related to rules and regulations or to the demands of specific stakeholders.

4. 'Soft' variables can always be 'translated' into quantitative variables that can be used in the LP model.

5. Empirical data published in norm tables, such as Real Estate Norms, can be extremely useful in the initial phases of the design process. Such 'norms' are descriptive, not normative, for they represent weighted averages of existing designs. As a corollary, they should never be used in a normative manner. If necessary, the open designer should not hesitate to deviate from them.

6. If the architectural concept at hand differs substantially from the designs underlying the empirical ratios, it is recommendable to derive new ratios by regression analysis of reference designs.

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