References

Alan, Edward, Fundamentals of Building Construction Materials and Methods, 3d ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

American Subcontractors Association, "Model Ethics to Help Subcontractors Uphold 'Letter and Spirit' of Sarbines-Oxley Act," news release, September 22, 2006.

"Award of Excellence: Clyde N. Baker Jr.," Engineering News-Record, pp. 36-43, April 7/14, 2008.

Cardno, Catherine A., "Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Withstands Strong Earthquake," Civil Engineering Magazine, pp. 30-31, November 2007.

"Construction Engineering Site Serves as Information Portal," Civil Engineering Magazine, p. 37, December 2007.

Construction Financial Management Association, "CFO's Tool Box: Contractor's Check-up," p. 55, January/February 2006.

Construction Financial Management Association, "CFO's Tool Box: Surety 101: How Sureties Evaluate Contractors," p. 51, January/February 2006.

Construction Financial Management Association, "Tax and Legislation: Lien Laws and Out of State Construction Projects," pp. 59-63, November/December 2006.

"Cranes: Stalled Federal Rules Prompt State Action," Engineering News-Record, pp. 12-13, March 10, 2008.

CSI—Construction Specification Institute, 2004 format.

"Design-Build Continues to Grow Despite Wariness and Price Concerns," Engineering News-Record, pp. 38-39, June 12, 2006.

The DR Construction Group, "Concrete Advice—What Interests a Surety Company Most," pp. 1-2, February 2008.

EPA Website: www.epa.gov (general information).

Eschemuller, John, New York University Schack Institute of Real Estate, CM Capstone Project's documentation prepared by graduate students, 2003-2008.

GREEN Website: www.BuildingGreen.com (general information).

GreenSource Blogs: Green Buildings 2007 (general information).

GreenSource Website: www.greensource.construction.com (general information).

Haplin, David W., and Woodhead, Ronald W., Construction Management, 2d ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

"High Strength Rebar Called Revolutionary," Engineering News-Record, pp. 10-11, August 27/September 3, 2007.

"Hourly Union Pay Scales, September, 2007," Engineering News-Record, pp. 27-38, September 17, 2007.

Kerzner, Harold, Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling, 8th ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Kordahi, Ray, "Underpinning Strategies for Buildings with Deep Foundations," masters thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, June 2004.

"The Law: Design/Build Exposure: Implied Duties," Civil Engineering Magazine, p. 104, November 2005.

''The Law: Design/Builder Mistakenly Relies on Owner's Preliminary Design," Civil Engineering Magazine, p. 96, May 2006.

LEED Website: www.leedbuilding.org (general information).

Levitt, Raymond E., and Samelson, Nancy M., Construction Safety Management, 2d ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Levy, Sidney, Project Management in Construction, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.

"Making a Case for Green Buildings," Environmental Building News Magazine, April 2005.

McGraw-Hill, new blog: To Live and Build in LA, April 26, 2008.

McHayes, Douglas, Sparks, Ian R., and Van Cranenbroeck, Joel, "Core Wall Survey Control Systems for High-Rise Building," October 2006.

Meredith, Jack R., and Mandel, Samuel J., Project Management: A Managerial Approach, 5th ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

"Missing Connection to Wall May Have Weakened Garage," Engineering News-Record, pp. 14-15, November 17, 2003.

"Modeling Supply Chains," Engineering News-Record, pp. 24-27, April 28, 2008.

New Jersey Department of Taxation Website: www.state.nj.us (certificate of capital improvement).

"New Planning Method Can Deliver Better Design-Build Projects Faster," Design Build Magazine, pp. 33-36, November/December 2005.

New York Building Congress, "New York City Construction Outlook—Construction Forecast 2007-2009," October 2007.

New York City Building Code, 1968 edition.

New York University Schack Institute of Real Estate, Risk Management Breakfast Notes, April 22, 2008.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, "Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses," "Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses," and "Injury and Illness Incident Report."

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA Quick Cards.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, "Section 1926 of the OSHA Regulations."

"Open Shop Wage Rates for Journeymen," Engineering News-Record, p. 35, September 17, 2007.

Ouchi, Masahiro, Nakamura, Sade-aki, Osterberg, Thomas, and Hallberg, Sven, "Applications of Self-Compacting Concrete in Japan, Europe and the United States," July 2006.

Palmer, William J., Coombs, William E., and Smith, Mark A., Financial Accounting and Financial Management, McGraw-Hill, New York.

"Penalties in Collapse Are Silent on Trigger," Engineering News-Record, pp. 10-11, May 10, 2004.

Putzmeister, "Putzmeister Pump Breaks World Record at Burj Dubai," February 2008 press release.

"Reasons Why Owners Choose Design-Build," Engineering News-Record, p. 41, May 2006.

Regional Scaffolding Hoist and Scaffolding Diagrams, May 2008.

Shapiro, Larry, Construction Project Logistical Plans, April 2008.

Simmons, Leslie, and Olin, Harold, Construction, 7th ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Smith, Craig B., How the Great Pyramid Was Built, Smithsonian Books.

Smith, James Allan, Currie, Overton A., and Hancock, E. Reginald, Common Sense Construction Law, 2d ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.

"Speedy and Efficient Design-Build Lite Is Easing Owners' Worries," Engineering News-Record, pp. 26-27, November 13, 2006.

Subcontractors Trade Association, "Best Practices for New York's Construction Industry," New York Construction, special advertising supplement, December 2007.

"Surety Market Report 2007: Rising to the Occasion," Engineering News-Record, p. S3, June 18, 2006.

"Technology for Construction," Engineering News-Record, special advertising section, pp. T1-T19, December 10, 2007.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, "Distribution of Fatalities by Selected Occupations in the Private Construction Industry, 2005-06," 2008.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, "Number and Rate of Fatal Occupational Injuries by Industry Sector, 2006," 2008.

USGBC Website: www.usgbc.org (general information).

"When It's Green to Build," Environmental Building News Magazine, September 2007.

"Why Contractors Fail," Engineering News-Record, pp. 26-27, June 5, 2006.

"Workers Compensation Rates," Engineering News-Record, pp. 32-33, September 17, 2007.

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Index

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Note: Page numbers referencing figures are italicized and followed by an "f"; page numbers referencing tables are italicized and followed by a "t."

Abi Dubai, 427

accelerated schedules, 366-367 acceleration tests, 53t acceptance of equipment,

406-409 access by construction personnel,

227-228 for critical elements, 186 by fire department, 236, 238 by owners, 228

plans for, 118f procedures for, 233-234 accident reports, 114f, 268 accidental risks, 25 accidents, 101-104, 109-115 account executives (AEs), 12 accountants, 14 activity flow, 293 addendums, 266 adjacent buildings, 45t, 159f, 241-242

administrative close-out procedures, 406

administrative programs,

279, 284f admixtures, 46t advisors, insurance, 207 Aerial Lifts Safety Tips quick card,

78f, 90f AEs (account executives), 12 AIA (American Institute of

Architects) documents, 189 air balancing, 49t air monitoring, 56t alignment, column, 49t, 171-172 allowance contract provisions, 201-202 ambiguity, construction document, 364

American Arbitration Association, 369

American General Contractors

Association, 288 American Institute of Architects

(AIA) documents, 189 American Subcontractors Association

(ASA), 330 amperage testing, 50t anchors, slurry wall, 157f ANSI B30 standards, 129 anticipated cost reports, 268 apostle letters, 209 approval process contract provisions, 202

approval reports, 273 approved change order logs, 268 arbitration, 369

architect contract provisions, 199 ASA (American Subcontractors

Association), 330 asbestos, 56t, 242-243 as-built drawings, 403-404 ASs (assistant superintendents), 15 assembly testing, 36 assistant superintendents (ASs), 15 Atlantic City, New Jersey, 101-102 authorization contract provisions, 200

automobile coverage, 209, 211

back charge notices, 327f backflow preventors, 53t badges, identification, 227-228,

233-234 BAFO (best and final offer),

319, 375 balance of electrical phases, 51t ballast, 54t bar chart schedules, 289,

290f-291f Battery Park City Authority, 427

beams, soldier, 153-155 bearing and distance property boundary method, 169f benchmarks, 167f B.E.S.T. (Building Enforcement

Safety Team), 101 best and final offer (BAFO),

319, 375 bid and award meetings, 251-253,

255f-256f bid and award phase, 5-6, 13 bid bonds, 216

bidding. See also subcontractors flow chart, 310f leveling process, 316-319 negotiations, 319 process, 315-316 billing, 14

BIM (building information modeling), 413-415 blasting, 158 bolt torque, 48t, 52t bonding agents, 220

bonds contract provisions, 199 documents, 274 surety, 214-216 surety companies, 220-224 types of, 216-220 bore scopes, 152

boundaries, property, 167-168, 170f bracing, wall, 159f braking tests, 53t bridges, 149-150, 151f

Broad Form Comprehensive General

Liability Endorsement, 210 budget meetings, 250-251,

252f-253f budgets, 12, 268, 347-349 builders risk insurance, 208 building codes, 61-62 Building Departments required permits and filings for,

145-146 reviews of documentation, 66 sets of documents, 64 testing requirements of, 68 Building Enforcement Safety Team

(B.E.S.T), 101 building information modeling

(BIM), 413-415 buildings, adjacent, 45t, 159f,

241-242 bulletins, 266

Burj Dubai tower project, 416 C

cabs, climbing crane, 126f. See also cranes

CAD (computer aided design)

programs, 342 camber, 48t cameras, 229, 418-419 capital improvement, certificates of,

386-387 carbon footprint, 424 cars, hoist, 130f, 132-133 cash flow analysis, 359f cash flow management, 381 cash flow projections, 392 catastrophic risks, 25, 38-39 CCIPs (contractor-controlled insurance programs), 210, 214-215 certificates of capital improvement, 386-387

certificates of insurance, 211, 212f certificates of occupancy (C of O),

68-69 certified payrolls, 275 cfm (cubic feet per minute) testing, 50t CGL (commercial general liability)

insurance, 208 change order work claims, 365 contingencies, 341 contract provisions, 198, 200 overview, 355

processing, 324-325, 355-357 rejection of costs, 357-358 subcontractor concerns, 329 work and schedule, 358 checklists communications plan, 247f construction documents, 178-185 ID card and access procedure,

233f-234f logistics, 121f-125f 134f,

151f, 154f overhead, 360f project close-out, 400t requisition preparation, 385t safety issue, 241f schedule preparation, 302f site security plan, 231f-232f site visit, 237f-238f Civil Engineering Magazine, 416 claims accelerated schedules, 366-367 arbitration, 369 change orders, 365 construction documents, 364-365 defined, 363 delays, 366

dispute review board, 369 litigation, 370 mediation, 369 mini trails, 370 minimizing, 367 partnering, 369 purpose of, 363-364 subsurface conditions, 365 clauses, contract indemnification, 208 onerous contract, 200-204 reviewing for clarification,

196-200 waiver of subrogation, 208

clearances, 53t climbing cranes, 126f-128f.

See also cranes closed circuit television cameras, 229

close-out phase acceptance of equipment,

406-409 administrative close-out procedures, 406 as-built drawings, 403-404 checklist, 400t contract provisions, 199 final approvals, 404 meetings, 402-403 overview, 9-10, 13, 399 procedures, 407t turnover, 406-409 waivers of lien, 404-406 clothing, 229

CMs/GCs. See construction managers/general contractors codes, 420

column alignment, 49t, 171-172

commercial general liability (CGL)

insurance, 208 committed cost reports, 268 communication in ever-changing environment,

245 meetings overview, 246-248 types of, 249-260 overview, 15 plans for, 246, 247f project stakeholders and special interests, 246 technological advances in,

416-417 verbal and nonverbal, 245-246 compaction, 43t completion bonds, 218-220 component estimation method, 334

components, structural, 38-40 comprehensive general liability insurance, 210 compressive strength, 43t, 45t compressive washers, 48t computer aided design (CAD) programs, 342

computers impact on industry, 418-419 software CAD, 342

for cost estimates, 341-342 for project management, 14, 16,

281-283 for scheduling, 294-300 concrete curing, 25 design mix, 45t pours, 300-301 self-compacting, 415 testing, 39, 45t-47t truck transfer time, 47t connections tests, 36 consequential damages contract provisions, 201 consistency, 183-184 constructability, 182 construction acceleration contract provisions, 202 construction defects, 28-30 construction documents checklist, 178-185 claims, 364-365 contract provisions, 202 municipality reviews of, 64-65 preparation by design team, 177 for renovations, 235-236 construction insurance, 207-208 construction management contracts,

190, 194-195 construction managers/general contractors (CMs/GCs) benefits to for building green, 426

claims and disputes, 363-364 code compliance responsibilities, 63 coordination of drawings by,

185-186 design-build process lead role in, 372 reasons why chosen, 377-378 response to RFP, 375 response to RFQ, 374-375 documentation by, 263-264 duties of personnel, 11-16 failure of, 30 fees of, 5

impact of deaths and injuries on, 104

construction managers/general contractors (CMs/GCs) (Cont.): importance of close-out phase for, 9 importance of schedules to,

288-289 means and methods, 63 security responsibilities of, 227 selecting subcontractors, 312 services of, 1, 3 submittals, 276, 280f-281f types of home office meetings, 249 wellness of, 30-32 construction material security, 228 construction phase, 6-8, 13 construction project meetings, 249-251 construction risk management system

(CRMS), 23 construction shanties, 140-143,

229-230 construction signs, 147f-148f construction sites. See entries beginning with site Construction Specification Institute

(CSI), 342, 343f-348f, 390 consultant contract provisions, 199 contact lists, 110, 229 contact sheets, 322f contingencies, 238 contract documents, 209, 214 contract drawings, 266 contract review meetings, 256,

259f-260f contract specifications, 266 contractor bonding questionnaires,

221f-224f contractor default insurance, 218 contractor-controlled insurance programs (CCIPs), 210, 214-215 contracts onerous clauses, 200-204 overview, 189-191 provisions in, 196-200 with subcontractors, 319-322 summary sheets, 196 types of construction management

(at risk), 195 construction management

(no risk), 194 cost plus, 192-193 GMP, 193-194 stipulated sum, 191-192

contracts, types of (Cont.): T&M, 195-196 unit price, 195-196 coordinated drawings contract provisions, 199, 203 coordination meetings, 253-257, 268 coring samples, 47t corrections, surveyor, 172 cost benefit analysis, 133 cost chart, 297f cost contract provisions, 198 cost per square foot estimation method, 332-333 cost plus contracts, 192-193 costs budget process, 347-349 change orders overview, 355 processing, 355-357 rejection of costs, 357-358 work and schedule, 358 contingency, 340-341 document filing, 65 estimates of change orders and subsurface conditions, 365 flow chart, 332f overview, 331-332 owner-initiated delays, 366-367 phases of, 349f preparation of, 341-347 types of, 332-334 getting proper information, 340 hard and soft, 334-336 impact of injuries on, 104 minimizing unknown factors,

339-340 obtaining data, 337 personnel, 9

preconstruction services, 5

qualifications, 341

renovation and demolition, 235-238

timing, 337-338

tracking during construction,

358-362 value engineering, 349-355 coupons, 49t, 53t

CPM (critical path method) schedules, 289, 292f 293-294, 295f See also schedules Crane Safety quick card, 79f, 91f cranes accidents, 102-103, 128-129 components of, 120, 126f-128f logistics, 117-120 phases, 126f safety, 128-129 critical elements access, 186 critical path method (CPM)

schedules, 289, 292f, 293-294, 295f. See also schedules CRMS (construction risk management system), 23 crushers, rock, 158, 160f CSI (Construction Specification

Institute), 342, 343f-348f, 390 cubic feet per minute (cfm) testing, 50t curing, concrete, 46t curtain walls mock-ups of, 38 testing of, 36, 54t

daily construction reports, 268, 272f daily equipment use logs, 271, 273 daily logs, 271, 271f deaths. See fatalities debris removal, 144-145, 240-241 defects, construction, 30 delayed payments, 329 delays, 185, 204, 239-240, 366 deliveries, 228

demolition, 240-242. See also renovation Demolition Safety Tips quick card,

83f, 95f Department of Labor, 73, 74f deposits, 386 depth of concrete, 48t design documents logs, 178f design teams, 177, 185, 239 design-build process advantages of, 376-377 disadvantages of, 377 history of, 372 overview, 371

procurement process for, 374 project performance specification,

372-374 reasons why CMs/GCs choose,

377-378 response to RFP, 375 response to RFQ, 374-375

design-build process (Cont.): successful strategies, 378 team, 376 deteriorated building components,

239f-240f dewatering, 161-163 digital pictures, 418 dimensions, reviewing, 182 dispute resolution contract provisions, 198, 202 dispute review board, 369 disputes. See claims documents construction checklist, 178-185 claims, 364-365 contract provisions, 202 municipality reviews of, 64-65 preparation by design team, 177 for renovations, 235-236 contract, 209, 214 record keeping electronic, 279-285 overview, 263-265 types of records and reports, 265-277

draw down curve, dewatering, 162f drawings access for critical elements, 186 construction documents checklist,

178-185 coordination of by CM/GC, 185-186 by design team, 185 overview, 177-178 for renovations, 235-236 review meetings, 178 drillers, rock, 160f dumpsters, 144-145 duration, 294 dust control, 241

E&O (errors and omissions)

insurance, 209 early completion, 294 early start, 294

eighty percent cost estimates, 349,

350f-354f electrical power, temporary, 137-139 Electrical Safety quick card, 81f, 93f electrical tests, 51t electronic record keeping, 279-285 elevations, 168-171, 173 elevator plans, 119f elevator recall, 53t elevator tests, 52t emergencies. See safety emergency call numbers, 110 employer's liability insurance, 210 EMR (experience modification rating), 107 Engineering News-Record (ENR),

325, 333, 415, 420 entrances, site, 227-228 environmental liability insurance, 209

Environmental Protection Agency

(EPA), 242-243 environmental risks, 28-29 environmental tests, 42t environmentally responsible construction, 428-429 EPA (Environmental Protection

Agency), 242-243 equipment delivery and installation logs, 272, 274f errors and omissions (E&O)

insurance, 209 estimates. See also costs flow chart, 332f overview, 331-332 phases of, 349f preparation of

CAD programs, 342 CSI format, 342, 343f-348f general, 342

Microsoft Excel spreadsheets,

341-342 special programs, 342 types of component, 334 cost per square foot, 332-333 labor and material take off, 334

prices from subcontractors,

333-334 take off, 333 estimators, 12-13 excavation, 157-160 Excel spreadsheets, 341-342 expansive clay, 43t experience modification rating (EMR), 107

Fall Protection Tips quick card, 77f, 89f fan cfm testing, 50t fast tracking, 302-304, 329

fatalities crane accidents, 102-103, 128-129 impact on CMs/GCs, 104 impact on construction process, 104

rates of, 73, 74f fencing, 149-150, 152 field change reports, 284f field fabrication of structural components, 38-40 field information memos (FIMs), 265-266

field investigative reports, 279, 283f field offices, 140-143, 229-230 field tests for concrete, 45t-47t for curtain walls, 54t electrical, 51t for elevators, 52t for flame and smoke density, 55t for foundation, 44t-45t for hazardous materials, 56t for HVAC, 49t-51t for piping, 51t-52t for roofs, 54t site tests, 42t-43t for soil, 43t-44t for sprinklers, 55t for steel, 48t-49t filing cost of, 65 liens, 394

permits, 145-146, 273 FIMs (field information memos),

265-266 final approvals, 404, 405t final payments, 391 final waivers of lien, 388, 406t financial control, 381-382 fire alarm systems, 37 fire departments access to buildings, 236, 238 required permits and filings for, 146

testing requirements, 68 fire extinguishers, 139 fire hydrants, 53t fire protection checklist for, 123f in field offices and shanties, 142 fire pumps, 55t fire standpipes, temporary, 139 fire stopping materials, 55t firefighter key switches, 53t fireproofing, 48t—49t flagman signs, 149f flame and smoke density tests, 55t flame spread, 55t float time, 294 flow charts bidding, 310f contracts, 190f fast tracking, 303f long lead items, 304f permit process, 64f quality control, 57f renovations, 236f review of design documents, 178f risk management, 23f safety, 75f scheduling, 288f site layout, 168f testing, 36f flow rates, 52t flow testing, 37 follow the flagman signs, 149f footings, 153, 168-169 force majeure contract provisions, 201 forms contract, 189-190 OSHA

300, 111f 300A, 112f

301, 113f risk assessment, 26-28 formwork, concrete, 46t-47t foundation plans, 152 foundation tests, 44t-45t foundations, reviewing, 184 freezing, soil, 153 front end loading, 382-383 full load tests, 47t

gas cylinders, 145

GCs. See construction managers/

general contractors general conditions, 9

general conditions sheets, 338f general conditions tracking logs, 361f general contractors. See construction managers/general contractors general superintendents (GSs), 14 global positioning system (GPS), 418

global warming, 424 GMP (guaranteed maximum price) contracts, 190, 193-194, 197f Google Earth, 419 GPS (global positioning system), 418

Great Pyramid, 411 green construction benefits of, 425-426 environmentally responsible construction, 428-429 history of, 424-425 LEED rating system and standards, 426

overview, 423-424 sustainable construction in urban environment, 427-428 grounding, 51t grouting, jet, 153 GSs (general superintendents), 14 guaranteed maximum price (GMP) contracts, 190, 193-194, 197f guards, security, 228-229

hand-held laser tapes, 420 hard costs, 334-336 hard hat signs, 115f hazardous material tests, 56t hazardous materials, 145, 242-243 health risks, 28-29 heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ductwork, 37, 49t-51t heavy equipment, 158, 182-183 hoists checklist for, 134f cost benefit analysis of, 133 location of, 133 overview, 129-132 plans, 119f safety considerations, 132-133 home office meetings, 249f. See also meetings home office personnel. See also project managers accountants, 14 estimators, 12-13 general superintendents, 14 listed, 2 overview, 1 project executives, 11 schedulers, 13-14 superintendents, 14 hot potential tests, 51t HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) ductwork, 37, 49t-51t hydraulic calculations, 55t

IBC (International Building Code), 62, 420

identification (ID) badges, 227-228,

233f-234f implied warranty contract provisions, 203

impressed bank accounts, 386

incident reports, 268 indemnification clause, 208 inflation, 203, 337 infrared sensing, 420 infrared tests, 51t, 54t injuries, 104. See also safety inspection reports, 273 inspections, 66-68 insurance

CCIPs, 214-215 construction, 207-208 contract provisions, 199 documents, 274 indemnification clause, 208 OCIPs, 214-215 proof of, 209-212 types of, 208-209 waiver of subrogation clause, 208

insurance advisors, 207 International Building Code (IBC), 62, 420

Internet, impact on industry, 419 J

jet grouting, 153 joists, deteriorated, 239f

Kone traction motor, 416 L

labor and material take off estimation method, 334 labor costs, 325-327 labor foremen, 15 laboratories, testing, 40 lagging, 153-155 landmarks, 69-71, 236 Landmarks Commission, 69-70 Las Vegas, Nevada, 103-104 late completion, 294 late start, 294 layouts. See also surveying excavation, 158 flow chart, 168f reviewing, 184 Lead in Construction quick card, 82f,

94f lead paint, 56t Leadership in Energy and

Environmental Design (LEED), 415, 424-426 letters apostle, 209

of completion, 279, 285f 408f of transmittal, 278f utility load, 135, 138f leveling process, 316-319 liability insurance, 105-108, 212f license bonds, 216 liens filing, 394 right to place, 382 waivers of, 388-389, 404-406 life safety systems, 51t liquidated damages contract provisions, 201 litigation, 370 load capacities, 37, 236 load letters, utility, 135, 138f load tests, 53t loading docks entrances, 228 plans, 119f logistics checklists, 121f-125f 134f, 151f 154f cranes, 117-120, 126-129 dewatering, 161-163 excavation, 157-160

logistics (Cont.): fencing, 149-150 field offices, 140-143 hoists, 129-134 moratoriums, 146-147 overview, 117 required permits, 145-146 security, 150-152 shanties, 140-143 sheds, 149-150 shoring, 153-157 sidewalk bridges, 149-150 signage, 147-149 site security plan, 230 standpipes, 139 steel sheeting, 155 storage, 143-145 temporary services and facilities,

135-139 underpinning, 152-154 long lead items, 181, 304-306 lump sum contracts, 191-192

machineless elevators, 417f maintenance bonds, 218 maintenance checklist, 123f manifold standpipe pump tests, 53t manpower reports, 271 material shortages, 366 materials testing, 37 matrix management structure, 6-7 mechanical, electrical, plumbing, sprinkler (MEPS) engineers, 15 mediation, 369 meetings bid and award, 251-253,

255f-256f budget, 250-251, 252f-253f contract review, 256, 259f-260f coordination, 253-256, 257f, 268 home office, 249f minutes of, 265 overview, 246-248 pencil copy, 382 preconstruction, 256, 258f-259f project, 249-251, 250f project close-out, 402-403 review, 178

safety, 256, 257f-258f, 268 schedule, 251, 254f subcontractor, 268

meetings (Cont.):

subcontractor site, 323 tool box, 268 meets and bounds, 168f MEPS (mechanical, electrical, plumbing, sprinkler) engineers, 15 merit shop costs, 325f metal decks, 49t

Miami-Dade County, Florida, 103 Microsoft Excel spreadsheets,

341-342 milestone dates, 307 Miller Act, 215 mini trails, 370

mini trash containers, 144-145 minimizing claims, 367, 368f minipiles, 153, 154f mixing, soil, 157 mixtures, 36, 38-40 mobilization, 322, 329 mock-ups, 38, 54t, 185 Model Code of Ethics for a

Construction Subcontractor, 330 model testing, curtain wall, 54t mold, 56t MONGO, 230

monthly cost reports, 394-396 monthly payment estimate summary, 395t moratoriums, 146-147 mortar, 47t

nailing, soil, 157 needle beams, 153 negotiations, 319 New York City

Battery Park City Authority, 427 Building Department, 101 crane accidents in, 102-103,

128-129 safety programs, 101 no damages for delay contract provisions, 201 no smoking signs, 150f nodes, 294

non-union projects, 325f, 381 non-verbal communication, 245-246 not to exceed (NTX) price, 357 notification provisions, 204 NTX (not to exceed) price, 357

obligees, 215

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) form 300, 111f form 300A, 112f form 301, 113f overview, 73-76 quick cards

Aerial Lifts Safety Tips, 79f, 90f Crane Safety, 80f, 91f Demolition Safety Tips, 83f, 95f Electrical Safety, 81f, 93f Fall Protection Tips, 77f, 89f Lead in Construction, 82f, 94f PPE, 78f, 92f

Supported Scaffold Inspection

Tips, 86f-87f, 98f-99f Supported Scaffold Safety Tips,

85f, 97f Top Four Construction Hazards, 76f, 88f

Work Zone Traffic Safety, 84f, 96f reports for, 275

standards for asbestos removal, 242-243

OCIPs (owner-controlled insurance programs), 210, 214-215 off-site storage, 143, 144f, 230 off-site storage logs, 272, 275f oil tanks, 56t

One Call service, 135, 137t onerous contract clauses, 200-204 on-site storage, 143-144, 229-230 optical scanners, 420 order of activity, 293 order of precedence, 204 organization, project. See project organization OSHA. See Occupational Safety and

Health Administration overhead checklists, 360f owner-controlled insurance programs

(OCIPs), 210, 214-215 owner-initiated delays, 366-367 owner-provided suppliers, 204 owner-provided vendors, 204 owners contract provisions, 196, 199, 203 representatives of, 17-18, 199 security responsibilities of, 227 site access by, 228

paid when paid clause, 383 partial waivers of lien, 388 partnering, 369

payment bonds, 218, 219f-220f payments contract provisions, 200 final, 391 records of, 275 timing of, 383-385 pencil copy meeting, 382 pencil copy requisition, 384t pending change order logs, 268 performance, project, 283 performance bonds, 216 performance tests, 37-38 periodic billing, 14 permits for Building Departments,

145-146 C of O, 68-69 checklist, 124f for fire departments, 146 inspections, 66-68 landmarks, 69-71 in logistics plans, 145-146 process for, 63-66 records of, 273 TCOs, 68-69 testing, 68 tracking logs, 66 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

quick card, 80f, 92f personnel. See also project managers account executives, 12 accountants, 14 assistant superintendents, 15 cost of, 9 estimators, 12-13 general superintendents, 14 labor foremen, 15 MEPS engineers, 15 plan clerks, 16 project engineers, 15 project executives, 11 project specific, 1 schedulers, 13-14 site access by, 227-228 site safety managers, 16 superintendents, 14 timekeepers, 16 PEs (project executives), 11

petrochemicals, 56t pH factor, 52t phases, balance of, 51t photographs, project, 268-269 photovideo logs, 269f Piezometers, 45t piling driving criteria, 44t loads, 44t testing of, 37, 419 pipes deteriorated, 240f testing of, 37, 51t-52t plan clerks, 16 plans communication, 246, 247f elevator, 119f foundation, 152 hoist, 119f, 132f loading dock, 119f logistic, 117

risk management, 21-24 security, 16, 230, 231f-232f site access, 118f platform runaways, hoist, 129, 132 PMs. See project managers pocket guide, OSHA, 100f poem, safety, 115f policies, insurance. See insurance portable fire extinguishers, 139 post-demolition phase, 239 potability, 52t potential back charge notices, 327f PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)

quick card, 80f, 92f preconstruction meetings, 256,

258f-259f preconstruction phase, 1-5, 12-13 preconstruction services assignment of staff, 3 list of, 4-5 preliminary coordination reviews, 180-181

pre-ordered materials security, 230

pre-placement testing, 47t pre-punch lists, 400

pressure, pipe, 37, 52t pressure tests, 55t pressure valves (PRVs), 52t prices from subcontractors estimation method, 333-334 principals, 214

pro formas, 331 problem solving. See risk procurement logs, 279 procurement process, 374 productivity, 323-324 progress reports, 269, 270f progress schedules, 299f project close-out phase. See close-out phase project documentation. See documents project engineers, 15 project executives (PEs), 11 project information sheets, 265f project management software, 14, 16,

281-283 project managers (PMs) checking documents, 239 communications and, 417 cost reviews, 331 importance of schedules to,

288-289 knowledge of component performance, 37-38 oversight of subcontractors, 309 overview, 11-12 QC programs, 41 risk management actions, 25, 28 understanding of contracts, 189 project meetings, 249-251. See also meetings project monthly cost report, 396t project organization. See also close-out phase; personnel bid and award phase, 5-6, 13 construction phase, 6-8, 13 cost of personnel, 9 cost of preconstruction services, 5 owner's representative, 17-18 preconstruction phase, 1-5, 12-13 project stakeholders, 16-17 project performance specification,

372-374 project photographs, 268-269 project records, 263-265, 279-285.

See also documents project schedules. See schedules project specific personnel, 1. See also personnel project stakeholders, 16-17, 246 project tests, 40. See also testing project trade cost breakdown, 389-390

project websites, 279-285 proof of insurance, 209-212 property boundaries, 167-168, 170f proposed construction site signs,

147-148 protection, hoist, 131f protective fences, 150, 152 provisions, contract. See clauses, contract PRVs (pressure valves), 52t punch lists, 276, 399-402

184, 396t qualitative approach, 375 quality control (QC), 40-41, 57-58,

184, 396t quantitative approach, 375 quick cards, OSHA

Aerial Lifts Safety Tips, 78f 90f Crane Safety, 79f, 91f Demolition Safety Tips, 83f, 95f electrical safety, 81f, 93f Fall Protection Tips, 77f, 89f Lead in Construction, 82f, 94f PPE, 80f, 92f

Supported Scaffold Inspection

Tips, 86f-87f, 98f-99f Supported Scaffold Safety Tips,

85f, 97f Top Four Construction Hazards, 76f, 88f

Work Zone Traffic Safety, 84f, 96f

radio frequency identification

(RFID), 416 record keeping electronic, 279-285 overview, 263-265 registration laws, 64 reinforcing steel, 415 releases of retainer, 329 renovation demolition, 240-242 hazardous material, 242-243 overview, 235 post-demolition, 239 preparation of costs, 235-238 safety, 240 schedules, 239-240

reoccurring risks, 25 reports accident, 114f, 268

anticipated cost, 268

approval, 273

committed cost, 268

daily construction, 268, 272f field change, 284f field investigative, 279, 283f incident, 268

inspection, 273

manpower, 272

for OSHA, 275

overview, 265-277

progress, 268, 270f steel QC, 59f test, 275

waste management, 279, 282f weather, 279 request for information (RFI) logs,

272-273, 276f-277f request for proposal (RFP), 375 request for qualification (RFQ),

374-375 requisition contract provisions,

198-199 requisitions accountants, 14 cash flow projections, 392 certificates of capital improvement,

386-387 deposits, 386 filing liens, 394 final payments, 391 financial control, 381-382 impressed bank accounts, 386 preparation checklist, 385t processing, 275 project monthly cost reports,

394-396 project trade cost breakdown,

389-390 retainers, 391 S curve, 392-394 small subcontractors, 383 special documentation, 386 timing of payments, 383-385 waivers of lien, 388-389 resources chart, 296f retainer contract provisions, 198-200 retainers, 391 review meetings, 178

review of design documents flow charts, 178f RFI (request for information) logs,

272-273, 276f—277f RFID (radio frequency identification), 416 RFP (request for proposal), 375 RFQ (request for qualification),

374-375 riser schedules, 184 risk assessment forms, 27f-28f categories of, 25 CM/GCs, 30-32

management of, 21-22, 23f, 24-25 overview, 22-25 preconstruction assessment of, 5 types of, 28-30 rock crushers, 158, 160f rock drillers, 160f rock excavation, 158-160 rock strength, 44t roof plans, 183 roof tests, 54t routine risks, 25

S curve, 392-394

safety. See also Occupational Safety and Health Administration; security accidents, 101-104, 109-115 checklists, 121f-122f, 241f cost implications, 104 crane, 128-129 history of, 73 hoist, 133

injury and death, 104 liability insurance, 105-108 New York City programs, 101 plans for, 16, 230, 231f-232f poem about, 115f records, 103-104 renovation and demolition, 240 risks to, 28, 29f

Stanford Accident Cost Accounting

System, 105 workers' compensation, 105, 107 safety meetings, 256, 257f-258f, 268 safety netting, 108f-109f safety zone signs, 149f sales tax, 386

sand analysis, 46t Sarbanes-Oxley Act, 329-330 Scaffold Worker Safety Task Force, 101

SCC (self-compacting concrete), 415 schedule contract provisions, 198, 202

schedule meetings, 251, 254f schedulers, 13-14 schedules computer programs for, 294-300 development of, 293-294 factors affecting, 301-302 fast tracking, 302-304 importance of, 288-289 long lead items, 304-305 overview, 287-288 preparation of, 301-302 renovation and demolition,

239-240 review of, 268 riser, 184

two-week look ahead, 307 types of, 289-293 of values, 389 Section 1926 of OSHA regulations, 75

security construction materials, 228 construction shanties, 229-230 construction site, 227 field offices, 229-230 overview, 150-152 plans for, 16, 230, 231f-232f pre-ordered materials, 230 site access, 227-228 systems for, 51t, 229 security guards, 228-229 self-compacting concrete (SCC), 415 sensors, 419 services bid and award, 6 construction, 8 preconstruction phase, 4-5 project close-out phase, 10 temporary, 135-139 settlements, 43t setup markers, 166f severe weather delays, 366 shaft openings, reviewing, 181 shanties, 140-143, 229-230 shear, 43t shear studs connectors, 49t sheds, 124f-125f, 149-150, 151f sheeting, steel, 155 shop-drawing contract provisions, 203

shop-drawing logs, 266-267 shoring, 44t, 46t-47t, 153-157 Siamese connections, 139 sidewalk bridges, 124f-125f,

149-150, 151f sidewalk markers, 166f-167f sieve analysis, 46t signage, 123f, 147-149 site access, 118f, 227-228 site layout flow chart, 168f site meetings, 323 site plans, 182 site safety managers, 16 site safety plans, 16, 230, 231f-232f.

See also safety site security, 227. See also security site tests, 42t-43t site visits, 235, 237-238 sketches, 266 slump, 45t slurry walls, 155-157 small risks, 25 small subcontractors, 383 smoke density, 55t smoke detectors, 51t smoke purge tests, 51t soft costs, 334-336 software. See computers soil bearing capacity, testing, 419 soil borings, 42t soil freezing, 153 soil mixing, 157 soil nailing, 157 soil tests, 43t-44t soldier beams, 153-155 Spanish OSHA quick cards Aerial Lifts Safety Tips, 78f Crane Safety, 79f Demolition Safety Tips, 83f Electrical Safety, 81f Fall Protection Tips, 77f Lead in Construction, 82f PPE, 80f

Supported Scaffold Inspection

Tips, 86f-87f Supported Scaffold Safety Tips, 85f

Spanish OSHA quick cards (Cont. ): Top Four Construction Hazards, 76f Work Zone Traffic Safety, 84f special documentation, 386 specifications, 179-180. See also drawings spray-on fireproofing, 48t spreadsheets, 341-342 sprinkler rigs, 55t sprinkler tests, 55t STA (Subcontractor Trade

Association), 329 stability, excavation, 158 staging, shanty, 142f stakeholders, 16-17 standpipes, 139

Stanford Accident Cost Accounting

System, 105, 106t static pressure, 50t steel QC reports, 59f steel sheeting, 155 steel structures, 171-172 steel testing, 37, 39-40, 48t-49t stipulated sum contracts, 191-192 stolen materials, 230 storage of dumpsters, 144-145 of gas cylinders, 145 of hazardous materials, 145 off-site, 143, 144f, 230 on-site, 143-144, 229-230 overview, 143 stress gauges, 420 strikes, 366

structural components, 38-40 structural supports, climbing crane, 127f subcontractor completion letters, 408f subcontractor meetings, 268 subcontractor performance bonds,

217f-218f Subcontractor Trade Association

(STA), 329 subcontractors bidding process, 315-316 change order work, 324-325 concerns, 329-330 contact sheets, 322f contracts with, 319-322 dealing with problems, 327-328 flow chart, 310f impact of stolen materials on, 230

subcontractors (Cont.): labor costs, 325-327 leveling process, 316-319 negotiations, 319 organizational chart, 310f overview, 309-311 productivity, 323-324 qualification sheet, 313f-315f selection process, 311-315 site meetings, 323 small, 383 starting work, 322 types of, 311f submittals, 276, 280f-281f subsurface conditions, 365 summary sheets, contract, 196 superintendents, 14 support collars, climbing crane, 128f

Supported Scaffold Inspection Tips quick card, 86f-87f, 98f-99f Supported Scaffold Safety Tips quick card, 85f, 97f supporting walls, 156f supports, hoist, 131f surety bonds, 214-216 surety companies, 215-216, 220-224 surveying checklist, 174f factors in, 172-173 overview, 165-167 property boundaries, 167 setting elevations, 168-171 steel structures, 171-172 sustainable construction, 427-428 systems testing, 37

T&M (time & materials) contracts,

195-196, 357 take off estimation method, 333 TCOs (temporary certificates of occupancy), 68-69, 70f-71f technology. See also computers BIM, 413-415 cameras, 418 codes, 420

communications, 416-417 GPS, 418

history of, 411-413 Internet, 419 materials, 415-416

technology (Cont.): other resources, 420 overview, 411 testing, 419-420 temperature of air, 50t of concrete, 45t of water, 50t temporary certificates of occupancy

(TCOs), 68-69, 70f-71f temporary electrical power, 137-139 temporary facilities, 122f, 135-139 temporary fire standpipes, 139 temporary services, 122f, 135-139 temporary water and pump checklist,

122f-123f termination contract provisions, 200

terminology, CPM, 293-294 test pits, 42t, 152 test reports, 275 testing. See also field tests assemblies, 36 connections, 36 documents for, 184 field fabrication of structural components, 38-40 flow, 37 groups, 35 load capacity, 37 material, 37 mixtures, 36 mock-ups, 38 overview, 35 performance, 37-38 pressures, 37 project tests, 40

required by Building Department, 68

required by fire department, 68 systems, 37

technological advances in, 419-420 testing procedure organizations, 40-41

thickness, steel member, 49t three-day notices, 328f time & materials (T&M) contracts,

195-196, 357 timekeepers, 16 timing of payments, 383-385 tool box meetings, 268 Top Four Construction Hazards quick card, 76f, 88f top slab elevation, 170f tower cranes, 126f. See also cranes tracking costs during construction,

358-362 traffic checklist, 123f trailers, 140

transfer time, concrete truck, 47t transmittal, letters of, 278f transportation department, 146 trigonometry, 171 Tropicana Hotel, 101-102 turnbuckles, 172f turnover, 406-409 two-week look ahead, 307

underpinning, 44t, 152-154 unforeseen conditions contract provisions, 199, 203 union projects, 326f, 381 unit price contracts, 195-196 United States Green Building Council

(USGBC), 424 urban environment, sustainable construction in, 427-428 urban job sites, 109-110, 321-322 U.S. Department of Labor, 73, 74f USGBC (United States Green

Building Council), 424 utilities, 135, 181-182, 236 utility load letters, 135, 138f

value engineering, 179, 331,

349-355, 354f variable air volume (VAV) systems, 424

verbal communication, 245-246 vertical transportation checklist, 124f-125f victolic fittings, 52t video cameras, 418 video surveillance, 229 voice recognition software, 418 voltage requirements, 138-139

waiver of subrogation clause, 208 waivers of lien, 388-389, 404-406 walls adjacent building repair, 242 bracing of, 159f curtain, 36, 38, 54t replacement of, 153 slurry, 155-157 supporting, 156f warehousing, 143, 329 warranty contract provisions, 201 washers, compressive, 48t waste management reports,

279, 282f water analysis, 46t water balancing, 50t water services, 135, 137 water tables, 43t, 161 water tests, 54t water treatment, 50t waterless urinals, 415 watertight barriers, 162-163 WC (workers' compensation), 105,

107, 209-210, 327 weather reports, 275 websites, project, 279-285 weld connections testing, 36, 48t,

52t, 54t welder certification, 48t well point dewatering, 161f wind model tests, 38 wires, deteriorated, 240f Work Zone Traffic Safety quick card, 84f, 96f workers' compensation (WC), 105,

107, 209-210, 327 Workers Safety Series, 73. See also quick cards, OSHA wrap-up insurance policies, 211-212, 214

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Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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