Project Closeout Meeting

It is prudent to schedule a close-out meeting with the owners and their representatives. At this meeting, an agenda should be prepared (see Exhibit 21-4 for a sample agenda), and items such as the punch list, schedule for turnover of equipment, acceptance by the owner, training, schedule for turnover of documentation, and format of documentation should be discussed. Minutes of the meeting should be published and the meeting should be videotaped if necessary. Since the reduction of the retainer...

Leveling Process

When the bids come in, the PM and the contractor's estimator will evaluate the bids to make sure that they are all apples to apples comparison of scope so that the lowest responsible bidder (which conforms to all the requirements of the construction documents) can be determined. This would include looking at missing scope items, substitutions, exclusions, clarifications, overtime work, and any qualifications. In addition, review the secondary subcontractor's work that would be performed for the...

Subcontractor Labor Costs

Subcontractors' labor costs vary throughout the United States. Engineering News-Record (ENR) publishes data on the hourly wage rates for various trades by major city. An example of hourly trade rates is noted in Exhibit 16-9 (non-union) and Exhibit 16-10 (union). Future years' wage rates can be obtained from enr.com. The ENR information only includes base rate and fringes. The actual amount of a union trade worker's rate is much more extensive and is noted in Exhibit 16-11. The breakdown is for...

Environmentally Responsible Construction

There are many items to consider for environmentally responsible construction in the urban environment. Exhibit 23-3 is a checklist for constructing environmentally friendly buildings. Checklist of items to consider for environmentally responsible construction. 1. Evaluate with the architect, engineer, and owner the renovation of an existing building as an approach to sustainable construction. 2. Minimize the use of trucking, automobiles, and fossil fuels for equipment used in the construction...

Turnover And Acceptance Of Equipment

As the project is completed, the CM GC must turnover the spaces and MEPS equipment to the owner. Sometimes this is done is phases, as the owner wants to occupy and begin utilizing portions of the overall project for their beneficial use. This is a milestone in the project, and usually represents the start of the warranty and guarantee period, 1. Obtain a certificate of substantial completion from the owner upon completion of the project 2. Obtain letters of partial acceptance of areas or...

Demolition Safety Tips

Demolition work involves many of the same hazards that arise during other construction activities However, demolition also involves additional hazards due to a variety of other factors. Some of these include lead-based paint, sharp or protruding objects and asbestos-containing material. * Brace or shore up the walls and floors of structures which have been damaged and which employees must enter. * Inspect personal protective equipment (PPE) before Select, wear and use appropriate PPE for the...

Claim And Dispute Resolution

Prior to starting any project, some formal procedures must be established to resolve a dispute in an expeditious manner. These procedures should be delineated in the construction contract. These procedures benefit the CM GC as well as the owner. This is achieved by eliminating non-productive time on the part of both parties and eliminating the need for lawyers. The following are descriptions of methods that could be used for resolving disputes. 1. Complete review of all construction documents....

Field Offices And Shanties

As part of the site logistics planning, it is important to identify the location for the CM GC field office, and those of the subcontractors. See Exhibit 6-21 for the field office checklist. Initially during the demolition and then the excavation and foundation phase of the project, construction field offices are often housed in self-contained trailers that can be rented. The trailers can be located on the site, if open space is available. Often they are located adjacent to the site (see...

Cranes

Depending upon the height of the building constructed, a determination will have to be made on the type of crane that should be used for this particular project. For heights of up to 200 feet, a mobile crane can be utilized. Once this height is exceeded, then a climber tower crane will have to be considered. Hoists, elevators loading dock plan. Large projects might have multiple cranes operating simultaneously. Both the prime contractor and subcontractor could have a role in selecting the...

Requisitions

The requisition is the invoice that the CM GC submits to the owner for payment, usually on a monthly basis, for the work performed on the construction project. The requisition is based on the contract amount, schedule of values for the work, the percentage of work completed for the current period, minus any prior payments received, and minus retainer to be held (which is usually 10 ). The contract between the owner and the CM GC will provide for partial payments of the contract amount based on...

Hoists

A construction hoist is a temporary elevator that transports workers and material to the various floors in a building. A hoist car that transports people is classified as an elevator and must conform to a more stringent set of standards then a mere material hoist. The hoist cars typically ride on rails that are tied to the structure every two to three floors. One or two cars ride on one mast. On a dual hoist, one car can be for workers and the other car can be for workers or material. Types of...

S Curve Analysis And Project Management

Controlling Project Management Graphics

When you take the monthly individual projected requisition amounts and then sum them for each month, you can develop a baseline S curve for the project. The S curve can be used to track the monthly expenditures and progress of the project against the baseline developed with the project schedule and costs. Exhibit 20-7 contains a sample S curve cumulative payment. Exhibit 20-8 contains a sample S curve Earned value analysis. During the course of the construction of the project, we can monitor...

Proof Of Insurance

The contract documents will define the types and levels of insurance requirements for the project. Exhibit 10-1 is a sample insurance rider for when an owner-controlled insurance program contractor-controlled insurance program (OCIP CCIP) may be used on a project. It is not sufficient to identify only the coverage amounts, named insured's, and types of policies. Full compliance with the contractual insurance requirements, waivers of subrogation, indemnifications, etc., must also be ensured. All...

Work Zone Traffic Safety

Certified Scaffold Inspection

Employees being struck by vehicles or mobile equipment lead to many work zone fatalities or injuries. Work zones need traffic controls identified by signs, cones, barrels and barriers. Drivers, employees on foot, and pedestrians must be able to see and understand the proper routes. Construction project managers determine traffic control plans within construction demolition worksites. Traffic control devices, signals, and message boards instruct drivers to follow paths away from where work is...

Project Documentation And Record Keeping

Project documentation provides a record of the history and progress of the project, agreements reached, directions given, and decisions made. Proper project documentation provides a record of the project and is often used to settle disputes, contract claims, court mediation, arbitration, insurance claims, accident investigations, and is used for future reference. In the urban environment, projects tend to be very large in size, duration, and complexity, thus requiring the appropriate project...

Value Engineering

Value engineering is a method in which the project team reviews the available drawings and specifications and then makes suggestions as to where costs can be reduced without changing the scope of the project (i.e., reducing square footage). The initial intent is to review the finishes and systems for the project. By preceding in this way the project intent does not change and only subtle finish changes and small system changes are introduced. When major costs need to be trimmed from a project,...

Project

Downloadable checklists and forms available online http www.mhprofessional.com ucpm Other Books in the McGraw-Hill Construction Series Building Anatomy An Illustrated Guide to How Structures Work by Iver Wahl Building Information Modeling Planning and Managing Construction Projects with 4D CAD and Simulations by Willem Kymmell Construction Safety Engineering Principles Designing and Managing Safer Job Sites by David V. MacCollum Defect-Free Buildings A Construction Manual for Quality Control...

Exhibit

Establish the construction contingency, separate from the design contingency, to cover items encountered during the construction process. 16. Establish the formulation for a guaranteed maximum price (GMP), if one is contractually required. 17. Update budget open items list. 19. Review budget qualifications and exclusions. 20. Evaluate value engineering options if the project is over budget. 21. Evaluate special administrative programs and the cost to administer and comply with same. project...

Definition And Purpose Of The Most Common Meetings

Brief summaries of the purpose and focus of some of the most frequently held meetings are as follows This meeting is focused on the overall status of the project and seeks to share with all concerned parties the major issues, opportunities, and challenges facing the project and the project team. The architect or owner representative will usually conduct this meeting Type of Meeting Frequency Next Sch.Mtg. 5. Townhouse employee meetings. 6. Emergency meetings for critical problems and...

Long Lead Items

Long Lead Items

Long lead items are those materials, products, or equipment that when initially ordered may fall outside a designated milestone date for when they should be at the job site. See Exhibit 15-13 for the long lead items flow chart. During the design phase, the design team should indicate those materials, products, or equipment where potential scheduling problems could exist. The PM and the purchasing department should review the design documents and prepare a list of the potential long lead items....

Hard And Soft Costs

When costs are mentioned, most people think of the basic cost of the project only. These are the costs associated with the bricks and mortar of the project. However, an owner is concerned with two costs for the project hard costs and soft costs. The hard costs are costs associated with the CM GCs costs (general conditions, all subcontractors' costs, overhead and profit, insurance and bond costs, and applicable permit costs) to construct the project. Exhibit 17-2 is a list of items associated...

Underpinning And Shoring

In the urban environment, there is a lack of available land on which to construct new structures. Thus, older buildings are torn down to make way for new structures. When this occurs, older buildings surround the new building's site. The new building's footings and basement excavation may extend below the footings and perimeter walls of the older buildings. When this occurs, the CM GC must analyze the conditions that exist and make sure that the older surrounding buildings will remain stable...

Waivers Of Lien

With each requisition, the CM GC must submit a partial waiver of lien to the owner, indicating that the prior payment was received and that all payments have been made to subcontractors, suppliers, and vendors in accordance with the requisition amounts, and that there are no outstanding claims, liens, disputes, and change orders that have not been presented to date. This cycle of presenting lien waivers continues with each requisition cycle until the final and last requisition is presented. In...

Scheduling Programs

Several scheduling programs are available for the construction process. These include 1. Microsoft Project 2. Primavera Project Planner (primavera.com) 3. Suretrak Project Manager by Primavera Systems (Primavera Light) Scheduling programs cannot tell you how to sequence the activities of a project. Thus, the sequence established for, for example, concrete placement (see section immediately following) would have to be developed by a knowledgeable PM. The scheduling program will take the...

Temporary Services And Facilities

It is extremely important during the planning of the construction project that all required temporary services and facilities are planned for to ensure that they are available in a timely and sufficient manner to support the construction process. In order for a construction site to function properly, it must have access to water, electricity, and a sewer connection. Exhibit 6-17 is a checklist for temporary services. Prior to starting construction, the CM GC should contact One Call in the area...

Benefits Of Building Green

There are many benefits of building green. Exhibit 23-1 is a summary of the benefits of building green. While many of these issues directly benefit the owner and community at large, the CM GC can also benefit from Green LEED construction. Exhibit 23-2 is a summary of the benefits to the CM GC for building green. 2. Savings in construction waste 3. Tax credits and other incentives 5. Reduced infrastructure costs 6. Ability to obtain faster construction permits and project approval by complying...

Development Of The Cpm Schedule

In order for the CPM schedule to be effective, the PM and the scheduler must assess the project and then determine the best approach for completing all the work as established by the construction documents. This will entail the following 1. Review all construction documents. 2. Inspect the site and the surrounding areas i.e., existing buildings, traffic patterns . 3. Establish tasks and duration. 4. Construct dependency of the various activities. 5. Determine critical path and float times. 6....

Dewatering

Dewatering is the process of removing water from the construction site, utilizing berms to keep surface water away, and pumps to drain the subsurface of the site and lower the water table so that the work can be performed in a dry site. When building in an urban environment, the CM GC often encounters subsurface water conditions given that the major cities around the world were originally founded near bodies of water to facilitate access and transportation. The specifications, local building...

Jirafas

Las jirafas incluyen a las plataformas elevadas de aguil n sostenido, como lo son las de puntal extensible con canasta mejor conocidas como cherry pickers o los camiones canasta. Las principales causas de muertes son por caldas, electrocuciones y colapsos o volteos. Aseg rese que los trabajadores que operan jirafas est n adecuadamente adiestrados en el uso seguro del equipo. Mantenga y opere las plataformas de trabajo elevadas de acuerdo con las instrucciones del manufacturero. Nunca invalide...

Project Trade Cost Breakdown

The GC needs to submit to the owner a project cost breakdown by trade for his approval, in accordance with the contract requirements, prior to any submission of the first requisition for payment. This breakdown of the project cost by trade, along with the CM GC's fees, general conditions, insurance, and bonds is often referred to as a schedule of values. The schedule of values is usually a breakdown of the various trades and their components of the project. Each trade is broken down first, and...

Types Of Schedules

Two basic types of schedules are used in the construction industry 1 a bar chart and 2 the critical path method CPM . A bar chart as depicted in Exhibit 15-2 is a simple representation of the various tasks for a project. The left side of the chart shows the task and the top of the chart indicates the time and associated calendar required to complete the task. The bar indicates the length of time the task will take. To make the bar chart schedule more realistic, a detailed breakdown of an...

Stanford Accident Cost Accounting System

Michael Robert Robinson developed the Stanford Accident Cost Accounting System. The matrix is noted in Exhibit 5-27. The matrix shows 2. Nature of the injury sprain, fracture, bruises, etc. 3. Down time required of the worker 4. Cost associated with the injury 5. Information based on historical data Contractors can use this matrix to approximate the cost of an accident that may occur on the job site. The negative cost information would then be placed as a liability on the balance sheet for the...

The Safety Poem

All trades people should read the poem Exhibit 5-36 that was written by an unknown worker from a Boston construction firm. This poem exemplifies the need Safety Poem I Chose to Look the Other Way I could have saved a life that day, But I chose to look the other way. It wasn't that I didn't care, I had the time, and I was there. But I didn't want to seem a fool, Or argue over a Safety Rule. I knew he had done the job before, If I called it wrong, he might get sore. The chances didn't seem that...

Construction Site Security Plan

Construction Site Set Plan

The construction site's security plan must be coordinated with the overall site logistics plan for the project. Exhibit 11-1 indicates the overall site logistics plan, which also incorporates the site security plan. Exhibit 11-2 is a checklist for a site security plan. Exhibit 11-3 is a checklist for project ID card and access procedures. 1. Hire a professional security service company to provide guard service. 2. Set up a separate entrance for construction personnel with a guard for normal...