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Figure 5-2: Partial action plan for college "Career Day."

Figure 5-2: Partial action plan for college "Career Day."

If the project does not involve capital equipment and special materials, estimates may not be necessary. Some projects require a long chain of tasks that are mostly sequential—for example, the real estate syndication of an apartment complex or the development and licensing of a new drug. Other projects require the coordination of many concurrent tasks that finally come together—for example, the design and manufacture of an aircraft engine or the construction of a house. Still others have the characteristics of both. An example of a plan to acquire a subsidiary is illustrated in Figures 5-4a and 5-4b. A verbal "action plan" was written in the form of a memorandum, Figure 5-4a, and was followed by the more common, tabular plan shown in Figure 5-4b. Only one page of a five-page plan is shown. The individu-

Level 0

Levell

10003 Case label

10189 Toy bus package

10002 Packing case

Level 2

20003 Bus box

20289 Toy bus

Level 3

30089 Body

30077 Whee^axle

Level 4 400337 Plastic dye-blue

50317 Plastic powder

40050 Axle

40039 Wheel

Level 5

50317 Plastic powder

50702 Plastic dye black

Figure 5-3: Gozinto chart for a toy bus. Sour«: 115)

als and groups mentioned developed similar plans at a greater level of detail (Names have been changed at the request of the firm.)

The importance of careful planning can scarcely be overemphasized. Pinto an Slevin |33, 34) developed a list often factors that should be associated with succes in implementation projects. The factors were split into strategic and tactical clus; ters. Of interest here are the strategic factors:

1. Project mission. It is important to spell out clearly defined and agreed-upo goals in the beginning of the project.

2. Top management support. It is necessary for top managers to get behind t|, project at the outset and make clear to all personnel involved that they suppó successful completion.

3. Project schedule or plan. A detailed plan of the required steps in the impl mentation process needs to be developed, including all resource requiremeñ (money, raw materials, staff, and so forth).

Extensive empirical testing showed these factors to be required for implemen' tation project success. (Tactical factors are also necessary for success, but they are not a consideration here.) ,

At this point, it might be helpful to sum up this section with a description 0 how the planning process actually works in many organizations. Assume that yoUi the PM, have been given responsibility for developing the computer software re-

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Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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