Multiple Views in Scope Organization

■ Deliverables view: Because there are many points of view regarding project scope, more than one version of the WBS of the same project is possible as shown in Table 31. The preferred view is that of product or deliverables, focusing the WBS on the accomplishments of the project insofar as the sponsor or business is concerned. Unless otherwise noted, in this book the product or deliverable view will always be the view under discussion.

Figure 3-2: Project Views on the WBS.

Table 3-1: Views of the Project Scope

View

Scope Organization

Business owner or project sponsor

Organize by deliverables to the business required to make good on the business case

Business financial manager

Organize by types or uses of money, such as R&D funds, capital funds, expense funds, O&M funds

Project manager

Organize by methodological steps, such as design, develop, test and evaluation, training, and rollout

Project developer

Organize by phases such as the baseline phase, upgrade phase, pilot phase, production phase

Manufacturing, operations, and maintenance provider

Organize by life cycle steps, such as plan, implement, manufacture, rollout, maintain

Customer or user

Organize by deliverables to the user, such as the training and operational deliverables only available to the user

■ Organizational view: Some project scopes are organized according to the departments that will deliver the work. Organizational project scope may be appropriate if there are facility, technology, or vendor boundaries that must be factored into the scope structure. For instance, in the semiconductor industry, there are usually quite significant boundaries between design, wafer fabrication, and end-device assembly and test.

■ Methodology view: The methodology used to execute the project often influences scope, either temporally or in terms of scope content. Projects in different domains, for instance software development, building construction, and new consumer products, generally follow differing methodologies from planning to rollout and project completion, thereby generating many different deliverables along the way. These deliverables are often organized into methodology phases, or builds, on the WBS.

■ Phases view: Scope phases that respond to the business needs or business capacity add a temporal dimension to the WBS organization. Ordinarily, the WBS is blind to time. In fact, a useful way to think of the WBS is that the WBS is the schedule collapsed to present time; in effect, the WBS is the "present value" of the schedule. Of course, the corollary is that the schedule is merely the WBS laid out on a calendar.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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