Risk Analysis

This is made up of the steps shown in Figure C.8. Firstly steps arc taken to ensure that the initial and final IS states are adequately described and documented. In the example where German language documentation is to be produced, the question would be: 'what documents are available upon which to base the German user document?' A problem could be that at the moment the final shape of the system is still not completely know n.

Figure C.7 Steps in Adaptation planning.

RisK analysis

RisK analysis

Figure C.8 The steps in risk analysis.

Once (he start and end points of the adaptation have been clarified, the situational factors in the problem area have to he assessed. These are the factors that could make the adaptation difficult to carry- out. An example in our German language documentation case is that the users of the information system belong to a number of different groups of staff who are each using the system in a rather different way. Hence what might be good documentation for one set of users might not suit the needs of another group.

To assist in the identification of risk. EM identifies two broad categories of risk: those to do w ith complexity and those to do w ith uncertainty. Some activities are inherently risky simply because they are large and complex. On the other hand, the source of risk might not be the level of detail involved but the uncertainty of those details, For example, it could be that the application is in an area where the requirements are constantly changing because of environmental impacts. In the case of the German version of the user documentation, for example, it could be that the system that the documentation is try ing to describe is itself subject to frequent change.

These elements of uncertainty and complexity could be inherent in the system to be delivered or adapted (that is. the target domain) or in the processes that are going to be carried out to deliver or adapt the system (that is, the project domain).

Within the project domain, the uncertainty and complexity factors can be further categorized as being related to the nature of the tasks that need to be carried out. the structure of the project, the actors involved, and the technology to be employed.

I-ach risk that is identified is given a rating as 'high', 'medium' or 'low'. EM provides a list of the commonly occurring risks under each of the categories and sub-categories mentioned above.

EM now specifies a step where the analyst in some way summarizes these risk factors in order to obtain some general judgement of the overall complexity and uncertainty of the adaptation. Unfortunately. EM does not provide guidance on how this is to be done. It is also not clear why this is done at this point and not after the final two steps in the risk analysis procedure that assess the probability of each risk's occurring and its possible impact, thus identifying the critical risks in the adaptation.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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