B

back»ard pass in CPM 123. 125-127 Rainhridgc. D. on specifications in contracts 198 hall Charts 176-177

on object potnts 94 bar Charts 154 baseline hudget 181-182 Basiii. V. R. and Rombach. H-D. on Goal/Que&tion/Mctric approach 257 BCS. see British Computer Society

BCWP. see budgeted COM of work performed BCWS. see budgeted cost of work scheduled Belbin. R. Meredith management teams 222 staff eligibility and suitability 215 Bennington. II. D. on the waterfall process model 65 bespoke 202 bespoke packages 275 bespoke systems 193

classification of estimating methods 85 COCOMO 98 estimates as goals 84 gcneric risks 142-143 risk engineering 135 spiral model 67 staff productivity 215 Theory W 14 Bootstrap 251 bottom-up estimating 86 brainstorming 256-257 British Computer Socicty 324 British Standards Institution 251, 281 Brooks' law H2 Brooks. F. P. chief programmer teams 231 intangibility of software 237 nature of soft ware 79 'No silver bullet* 3 software versus other engineered artefacts 3 BS 5750. see BS EN ISO 9001:1994 BS 6079 III. 138.281-288 and planning 285 and project control 287 and projcct organization 283-285 definition of projcct 37 planning steps 286 project life cycle 282-283

supporting techniques 287-288 BS EN ISO 9001:1994 61. 188. 248-250 budget variance 184 budgeted cost of work performed 180 budgeted cost of work scheduled 180. 183 Burman. P. J. on priority listing 158

Capability Maturity Model 251 -252

ease-based reasoning, see analogy in effort estimation cash flow and incremental delivery 73 cash flow forecasting 42-43 CCTA. see Central Computer and

Telecommunications Agency Central Computer and Telecommunications

Agency 19.92.201.269.281 change control 188-190. 207 and prototyping 72-73 in BS 6079 287 procedures 189 changed requirements and contract pricing 196 Chcckland. P. and Scholcs. P. on soft systems 59 checkpoints 31. 172 in PRINCE 2 173 Cheney. P. M. influences on productivity 220 programming productivity 215 chief programmer teams 231 -232 clarification of supplier proposals 202 clean rooms in joint application development 64 clcan-room development 254-255 closed systems 7

CMM. see Capability Maturity Model co-ordination 108-109 COCOMO 97-103 basic model 97 COCOMO 81 97 development effort multipliers 98 intermediate cost drivers 99 intermediate model 98 see also COCOMO II COCOMO II 100 application composition model 100 early design model 100 early design model 101 effort multipliers 102-103 exponent drivers architccturc/risk resolution 101 development flexibility 101

preccdcntcdncss 101 process maturity 102 team cohesion 101 post architectural model 101 scale factors 101 Coleman. M.. see Down. R. A.. Absolon. P.

and Coleman, M. COMET 72

command groups 221 compensatory tasks 223 complexity as risk driver 297 configuration librarian. duties of IKX Configuration Librarian in PRINCE 2 272 configuration manager, srr configuration librarian conjunctive tasks 224 ctmsiraints 265

construction approach in luiromcthod 298

in luiromcthod 299 Constructive Cost Model, srr COCOMO

and COCOMOII contingency 155 contingency measures 33, 267 contract management 191 -209 change control 207 decision points 206 joint reviews 207 supplier defaults 206-207 contract monitoring 295 contract placement 198-203 contract preparation and

ISO 12207 306-308 contract terms acceptance pnx:cdurcs 205 customer commitments 205 definitions and terminology 204 environment 205 form of agreement 204 gtxxls and services to be supplied 204 ownership of software 204-205 price and payment method 206 project and quality management 205 standards 205 timetable 206 contractor selection 197 contracts fucd price 193 fixed price per unit 193 goods versus services 192-196 terms of 203-206 time and materials 193 types of 192-193 control and ISO 12207 308-309 cycles 11-12 data versus information 11 control points 173 control systems, hierarchical 15 copyright of software 204 correctness 238

cost benefit analysis 40-42 assessable indirect benefits 41 dc\clopmcnt costs 41 direct benefits 41 evaluation techniques 43 in luiromcthod 293 intangible benefits 41 net profit 43 operating costs 41 set-up costs 41 cost charts 180-183 cost monitoring 180 cost performance index 184 cost profile of pn>jccts 165 cost schedule 151. 164 cost variance 184 costing 108 costs overheads 164 staff 164 usage charges 165 COTS, srr customized off-the-shelf software Couger. J. D and Zawacki. R. A. job characteristics 220 job satisfaction of programmers 221 social needs of programmers 215 CPI. srr cost performance index CPM. srr critical path method critical path 123. 129, 137. 185 and resource al local ion 159 identifying 127 in CPM 123 shortening 186-187 critical path method 116. 117-129 earliest dates 123 latest dates 123 slack 123 critkrality 237

cumulative expenditure charts 179-180

and revised schedules 180 curriculum s itae, srr CV customized off-the-shelf software 193. 202 CV 215.216

dangles in CPM 119 day rates 217-218 DCF. srr discounted cash flow

C. J. and Dcarnlcy. P A. decision making 224-226 in gnwps 225 menial obstarles lo 225-226 décision points in Euromcthod 291. 300 décisions, si rue lu red or unsiruelured 224 decommissioning 280

costs 42 decision points in Euromcthod 295 decision trees 52-54 deliverables, srr products Delphi technique 226 demonstrations 202 departmentalization 230 dependent activities 266 description approach in Eun>method 298 design to cost 85

development and ISO 12207 305. 309-310 differentiation of staff mies 230 Dijkstra. E. W. on structured programming 254 discounted cash flow 153 disjunctive tasks 223 documentation and ISO 12207 303 characteristics or 304 generic types 304 purpose of 303-304 Doolcy. Adrian on BS 6079 281. 282 Down. R. A.. Absoloo. P. and Coleman. M.

on risk reporting 174 dummy activities 121

and lagged activities in CPM 122 Duncan. W. R. on Project Management

Institute 316 duration removing bottlenecks 129 shortening by parallelism 129 shortening of project 129

earliest start dates 154. 156-157 earned value monitoring 182 earned value analysis 180-185

and BS 6079 287. 2KK effectiveness, srr efficiency efficiency 16.238 in ISO 9126 241

sub-characteristics of 242 effort estimation complexity assessment 85 difficulties with 79-80 evaluation of tenders 82 measurement of wofk 84 need far historical data 84 over and under estimates 82 political implications 81 procedural code approach 96-97 subjective nature of 81 timing of 81-82 egoless programming 231 elapsed time 31.32

End Stage Assessments in PRINCE 2 173 entry requirements 246 equipment as a resource 153 escalation 278

of commitment 225 escrow 205 estimates 28 bottom-up 32 in small projects 266 recording accuracy of 135 top-dow n 32 Euclidean distance 88 Huromcthod 197. 206. 282. 289-301 and process models 76-77 distinction between uncertainly and complexity 61 Euromcthod views of information systems business information 301 business processes 301 computer system architecture 301 computer sy stem data 301 computer system functions 301 work practice 301 European Union 197. 205 EVA. srr earned value analy sis evaluation of proposals 202 evolutionary delivery and ISO 12207 310 evolutionary dcsclopmcnt 299 Exception Plan in PRINCE 2 273 Exception Report in PRINCE 2 273. 278 Executive role in PRINCE 2 272 exit requirements 34. 247 expectancy theory of motivation 219 expert judgement in effort estimation 87-88 expert systems, srr systems, knowledge-based extendibility measurement 245

C. J. and Dcarnlcy. PA. decision making 224-226 in groups 225 menial obstacles to 225-226 decision points in Euromcthod 291. 300 decisions, structured or unstructured 224 decommissioning 280

costs 42 decision points in Euromcthod 295 decision trees 52-54 deliverables, srr products Delphi technique 226 demonstrations 202 departmentalization 230 dependent activities 266 description approach in Huromcthod 298 design to cost 85

development and ISO 12207 305. 309-310 differentiation of staff mies 230 Dijkstra. E. W. on structured programming 254 discounted cash flow 153 disjunctive tasks 223 documentation and ISO 12207 303 characteristics of 304 generic types 304 purpose of 303-304 Dooley. Adrian on BS 6079 281. 282 Down, R. A.. Absolon. P and Coleman. M.

on risk reporting 174 dummy activities 121

and lagged activities in CPM 122 Duncan. W. R. on Project Management

Institute 316 duration removing bottlenecks 129 shortening by parallelism 129 shortening of project 129

earliest start dates 154. 156-157 earned value monitoring 182 earned value analysis 180-185

and BS 6079 287. 2KK efTcctivencss. srr efficiency efficiency 16.238 in ISO 9126 241

sub-characteristics of 242 effort cstimatiim complexity assessment 85 difficulties with 79-80 evaluation of tenders 82 measurement of work 84 need Un historical data 84 over and under estimates 82 political implications 81 procedural code approach 96-97 subjective nature of 81 timing of 81-82 egoless programming 231 elapsed time 31.32

End Stage Assessments in PRINCE 2 173 entry requirements 246 equipment as a resource 153 escalation 278

of commitment 225 escrow 205 estimates 28 bottom-up 32 in small projects 266 recording accuracy of 135 top-<lown 32 Euclidean distance 88 Euromcthod 197. 206. 282. 289-301 and process models 76-77 distinction between uncertainty and complexity 61 Euromcthod views of information systems business information 301 business processes 301 computer system architecture 301 computer system data 301 computer system functions 301 work practice 301 European Union 197. 205 EVA. srr earned value analysis evaluation of proposals 202 evolutionary delivery and ISO 12207 310 evolutionary devclopmcnt 299 Exception Plan in PRINCE 2 273 Exception Report in PRINCE 2 273. 278 Executive role in PRINCE 2 272 exit requirements 34. 247 expectancy theory of motivation 219 expert judgement in effort estimation 87-88 expert systems, srr systems.

knowledge-based extendibility measurement 245

Her/berg two-factor theory on job satisfaction 219 Her/berg. F. joh satisfaction 219 job enlargement and enrichment 221 Highlight Report in PRINCE 2 277-278 Hughes. R. T. on expert judgement 88 Humphrey. Watts on Capability Maturity

Model 251 hygiene factors 219

IBM 114.223.253

ideal activity plan, modification of 151 IEEE, srr Institute of Electrical and

Electronics Engineers IEEE 12207. srr ISO 12207 IFPUG. srr International Function hunt

User Group implementation requirements 247 incremental delivery 62, 73-76 advantages of 73-74 and ISO 12207 310 disadvantages of 74 open technology plan 75-76 plan 293

planning of increments 75 incremental development 299 increments 263 induction of new stafi 217 information operational 16-17 strategic 16-17 tactical 16-17 Information Engineering 14.62 Information Systems Examination

Board 324-325 initial and final states in Euromcthod 290 inspections 217. 253 installation approach in Euromcthod 298, 299

Institute of FJcctrical and Electronics

Engineers 304 insurance to cover supplier's liability 206 intermediate pnxlucts. errors in 246 internal rate of return 47-49

International Function Point User

Group 90 interoperability 239 interviews 216 invitation to tender 197, 201 IRR. srr internal rate of return ISEB. srr Information Systems Examination Board

ISO 12207 201. 205. 207-206, 303-313 and process models 76-77 tailoring of standard 306 ISO 9001. srr BS EN ISO 9001:1994 ISO 9001:1994. srr BS EN ISO 9001:I994 ISO 9126 200.241-245

Jackson structured programming 59 JAD. srr joint application development Jensen. M. A., srr Tuckman. B.W. and Jensen. M. A.

job design 221 enrichment 221 holder profiles 216 specifications 216 joint application development 64. 298 joint reviews and ISO 12207 311 JSP. srr Jackson structured pn>gramming

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Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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