Transition

Small commercial project

10%

20%

50%

20%

Large, complex project

15%

30%

40%

15%

14.2 EXAMPLE: SMALL-SCALE PROJECT VERSUS LARGE-SCALE PROJECT 219

of inception, 14 months of elaboration, 20 months of construction, and 8 months of transition. Comparing the ratios of the life cycle spent in each phase highlights the obvious differences.

The biggest difference is the relative time at which the life-cycle architecture milestone occurs. This corresponds to the amount of time spent in the engineering stage compared to the production stage. For a small project, the split is about 30/70; for a large project, it is more like 45/55.

; One key aspect of the differences between the two projects is the leverage of the various process components in the success or failure of the project. This reflects the importance of staffing or the level of associated risk management. Table 14-8 lists the workflows in order of their importance.

The following list elaborates some of the key differences in discriminators of success. None of these process components is unimportant, although some of them are more important than others.

• Design is key in both domains. Good design of a commercial product is a key differentiator in the marketplace and is the foundation for efficient new product releases. Good design of a large, complex project is the foundation for predictable, cost-efficient construction.

• Management is paramount in large projects, where the consequences of planning errors, resource allocation errors, inconsistent stakeholder expectations, and other out-of-balance factors can have catastrophic consequences for the overall team dynamics. Management is far less important in a small team, where opportunities for miscommunications are fewer and their consequences less significant.

• Deployment plays a far greater role for a small commercial product because there is a broad user base of diverse individuals and environments.

Table 14-8. Differences in workflow priorities between small and large projects rank small commercial project large, complex project

1 Design Management

Table 14-8. Differences in workflow priorities between small and large projects rank small commercial project large, complex project

1 Design Management

A large, one-of-a kind, complex project typically has a single deployment site. Legacy systems and continuous operations may pose several risks, but in general these problems are well understood and have a fairly static set of objectives.

Another key set of differences is inherent in the implementation of the various artifacts of the process. Table 14-9 provides a conceptual example of these differences.

Table 14-9. Differences in artifacts between small and large projects
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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