Chaos

• Search for the guilty

• Punishment of the innocent

• Promotion of the nonparticipants

• Definition of the requirements

Obviously, the definition of the requirements should have been the first step.

There are four basic reasons for project planning:

• To eliminate or reduce uncertainty

• To improve efficiency of the operation

• To obtain a better understanding of the objectives

• To provide a basis for monitoring and controlling work

There are involuntary and voluntary reasons for planning. Involuntary reasons can be internally mandatory functions of the organizational complexity and an organizational lag in response time; or they can be externally correlated to environmental fluctuations, uncertainty, and discontinuity. The voluntary reasons for planning are attempts to secure efficient and effective operations.

Planning is decision making based upon futurity. It is a continuous process of making entrepreneurial decisions with an eye to the future, and methodically organizing the effort needed to carry out these decisions. Furthermore, systematic planning allows an organization of set goals. The alternative to systematic planning is decision making based on history. This generally results in reactive management leading to crisis management, conflict management, and fire fighting.

WORK DESCRIPTION AMD INSTRUCTIONS

NETWORK SCHEDULING

GOALS/OBJECTIVES

sptcs sow whs pert/cpm pert/cpm

MANAGEMENT DECISION-MAKING

_SKTEB OF NATURE

5 i

- ■

" PAYOFF TA&LES

SYSTEM REPORTS

.PERFORMANCE 'RELIABILITY • maintainability

'EFFECTIVENESS

time/cost/performancë tracking

Figure 11-1. The project planning and control system.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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