Make Money in the Recycling Business
Organization Of Intellectual And Technical Resources That Are Generated While Implementing The Project
Unlike material resources, software is easily subject to recycling because it is never consumed or used up, while it is considered difficult to re-use software for other projects because it is dependant on the contents of design for individual projects. However, re-use of software (segmentization, standardization) is critical in light of productivity or quality improvement. Therefore, at a stage before design and production, measures for recycling of resources should be planned and practiced. Object-oriented design methods and programming are considered fit for re-use.
The figure indicates that the intangible assets have produced most of the recent company value. Project productivity can be improved and company value can be created in terms of intangible asset by resource management of projects, especially by accumulating and recycling intellectual and information resources. In general, intangible assets comprise various elements. The typical elements are as follows.
For accumulation of information and its effective recycling, the information should be arranged and accumulated in good order. A systematic framework to stock information is significant, and organizations should build a resource accumulation system, examine re-use of information and handle information with the intention to re-use.
These technological improvements alone, however, were not enough to realize non-fluorocarbon refrigerator sales. There would be various problems at each stage of the refrigerator lifecycle (from design to recycling) when combustible refrigerant is used. For instance, if combustible refrigerant is used, attention is needed in the stage when the refrigerator parts are recycled. Therefore, to attain non-fluorocarbon refrigerator sales, in addition to technological improvement, suppliers had to deal with the various problems concerning each stage in the refrigerator lifecycle (from design to recycling). When the problems of safety standard and the problems of infrastructure like the distribution, the repairs service and recycling were examined, the answer was not found in the case tried by only one company. Because the area of the problems is so wide, they were related to a lot of business organizations. So, by only one company the problems could not be solved. For instance, it is...
Product withdrawal is an obvious classic example, as in the case of pharmaceutical products that are found to have dangerous side effects only after significant numbers of people have suffered these side effects. However, pharmaceutical companies are so obviously in the risk management game that most of them should be managing this kind of potential liability issue from the outset. Product withdrawal associated with 'dangerous' car designs in the USA some time ago is perhaps a more useful example. What makes this example particularly instructive is the more recent practice of European car manufacturers to design cars for recycling at the end of their life, a movement toward a true whole life cycle view of basic design issues. In this sense the international automobile industry is a 'model' others might usefully learn from.
The question of waste oil disposal from plant is a thorny one, and should be brought to the agent's notice. Discharge of used lubricating oil or waste diesel oil to public sewers is usually forbidden to discharge it through the site sewage works will probably ruin their proper functioning. The discharge of even small quantities to a watercourse will almost certainly be detected by the Environment Agency who will demand immediate rectification and the contractor may be liable to a penalty and payment of compensation if damage has resulted. The waste oil should be led to a pit and disposed of by tanker as the local sewerage authority advises.
On the other side of the coin (cost pun intended, thank you), there's the cost of poor quality, sometimes called the cost of nonconformance to quality. These are the costs your project will pay if you don't adhere to quality the first time. In our example with the project team and the new materials, a failure to train the team on the new materials will mean that the team will likely not install the materials properly, take longer to use the materials, and may even waste materials. All of these negative conditions cost the project in time, money, team frustration, and even loss of sales.
For existing dumpers, such as the city of New York, the Ocean Dumping Ba Act prohibited the dumping of sewage, sludge, and industrial waste withi nine months of the bill's enactment, August 1989, unless the dumper hi received a permit that included an agreement to end the dumping. The a made it unlawful to ocean dump sewage, sludge, and industrial waste aft December 31, 1991. It required the governors of New York and New Jers to report to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a nually on the progress being made in implementing the schedules to ei ocean dumping, and the EPA had to report to Congress on the progress.
In addition, these forces operate in a society that assumes that technology can do anything. The fact is, this assumption is reasonably true, within the bounds of nature's fundamental laws. The problem lies not in this assumption so much as in a concomitant assumption that allows society to ignore both the economic and noneconomic costs associated with technological progress until some dramatic event forces our attention on the costs (e.g., the Chernobyl nuclear accident or the Exxon Valdez oil spill). At times, our faith in technology is disturbed by difficulties and threats arising from its careless implementation, as in the case of industrial waste, but on the whole we seem remarkably tolerant of technological change. For a case in point, consider California farm workers who waited more than 20 years to challenge a University of California research program devoted to the development of labor-saving farm machinery (37 . The acceptance of technological advancement is so strong it...
The food waste composting project at Larry's Markets became one of the country's first when it began in the fall of 1991. The project is part of the company's comprehensive environmental program that includes recycling, waste reduction, energy conservation, water management, environmental landscaping, environmental product evaluation, community project support, and more. As a result of the project, Larry's had reached a 64 percent recycling rate, exceeding the 50 percent goal for King County in 1995 and also Washington State's 60 percent goal for the year 2000. Also, the project has saved the company over 20,000 per year in garbage fees and has been a source of f l Composting WJk Cardboard Recycling Garbage TQ Rendering Other Recycling
Construction materials and equipment are often stored in the subcontractor shanties and storage areas, where they may be under lock and key. However, this does not stop people from breaking in and stealing valuable equipment. In addition, materials and equipment may be stored on the floors of the construction site where the work is being performed. Often this presents an open invitation to someone who may be looking to steal the material for reuse or resale. This is often referred to in the industry as MONGO (or the salvage value of the materials, such as copper, steel, brass, nickel, and aluminum to the local salvage yard). One sure sign of this is when the recycling truck arrives at the loading dock of the site during construction. Reels of 500MCM copper cable over 500 feet long have disappeared after delivery, to be resold for salvage value. When events like this happen, it is detrimental to the construction process because the material has to be re-ordered, resulting in additional...
In 1990 Geoff Raymond joined BHP Engineering, where he developed the Risk Engineering Services and the Waste Management business units, with a focus on the heavy industry and mining sectors. As Manager, Risk Engineering Services, he undertook strategic and technical work, including project risk, safety and environmental assignments around the world. He was invited to make a keynote address to the UN Workshop on Waste Recycling and Waste Management in Developing Countries, Bombay, 1992.
This assessment might be informal in some cases, but it is best if the company has a defined process for project acceptance. Then, those who might propose projects can be made aware of the criteria for successfully passing the gates, and they can provide the information to demonstrate the proper project value in the first presentation. Having such a process puts projects on equal footing, and also reduces the need for recycling of proposals for evaluation.
The intention of green environmentally friendly buildings is to provide environment, economy, health and community benefits by constructing buildings that reduce energy consumption, improve air and water quality, reduce solid waste, conserve our natural resources, have the potential for reducing operating costs, protect our ecosystems and biodiversity, improve employee productivity and satisfaction in the workplace and home, enhance the comfort and health of building occupants, optimize life cycle economic performance, be socially responsible, minimize the demands on the infrastructure of the world and our country, and make a positive contribution to the overall quality of our lives. Going green in building projects has become especially important in the urban environment, where large projects and large corporations want to focus on sustainability and environmental responsiveness during the construction process. More and more owners as well as private and public construction programs...
Beyond the more-or-less standard methods of reusing, reselling, salvaging, or junking various hardware that is no longer needed, is the fact that many systems that need to be disposed of fall in the broad category of hazardous waste materials. In such cases, they must be disposed of in accordance with applicable standards so as not to present a human or environmental risk, either current or future. In the same vein, disposal should be consistent with the principles and practices of sustainable development, a topic that is discussed in somewhat greater detail in Chapter 12.
Waste Management And Control
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