Customer groups would include a set of public transportation companies and agencies that would represent stakeholders in a new transportation system product. Integration in this case would involve understanding the strategic and business plans of these agencies and "building in" requirements and conditions as the new product is developed.

International partnering and organizational integration. This integration step involves setting up an internal business staff to provide liaison with global partners and customers. Completion of this step "rolls up" in the project schedule to "Global Interface." Organizational integration means actually serving to study and understand the system dynamics of candidate transportation agencies and systems in order to fully integrate product prototypes with customer expectations.

The concept of stage-gateway project management ensures that integration is achieved during each stage or phase of the project. Integration implies that there has been coordination and collaboration across functions and among participants at the scale of the particular stage. For instance, in the global interface stage, the gateway integration issue is, "Has the business positioned itself globally to exploit supplier, customer, and stakeholder values worldwide?" Thus integration is seen here on a global scale and targets the forces and factors that will create risk and opportunity for the business and its developing portfolio of projects.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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