process process

Resource integration. Resource integration involves interfacing project planning with workforce and manpower planning. A successful resource integration system characterizes the workforce and makes it possible to know:

■ What resources are required to accomplish selected projects?

■ What resources are available in-house, when and where?

■ What resource outsourcing or contracting is needed, when and where?

The integration of project planning with resource planning ensures that the company does not take on more than it can handle, and can avoid the kind of resource constraints or bottlenecks characterized in the critical chain concept.

Scale and integration. Integration occurs at different scales, or different perspectives. This makes decision making difficult in a complex company facing many tradeoffs in its management of multiple projects.

Integration occurs at five levels: global, industry, company, program, and project.

■ Global. The global scale of integration works in the regime of global markets, supply chains, and new product development. Thomas Friedman's book, The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty First Century, reminds us that we are passing the business-based, global economy and moving into a new era of individual-based information sharing and open source partnering that has no limits. Project management will be different in this new flat world, and project integration will be increasingly instantaneous and virtual.

TABLE 3-5 Gantt Chart

TABLE 3-5 Gantt Chart

■ Industry. Integrating with industry standards and the state of the art in the markets served.

■ Company. Company integration is the successful combination of program and project work with the assortment of supporting organizational "assets," as PMI calls them, the systems that support integration.

■ Program. Because a program is an integrated set of related projects and/or phases, integration of project work within a program is accomplished by a program manager to ensure the system outcome is consistent with customer requirements.

■ Project. Project integration is the internal coordination and integration practice of the project team, working with each other in a seamless and open system.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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