Organizational project management maturity is described in OPM3 through the existence of Best Practices. A Best Practice is an optimal way currently recognized by industry to achieve a stated goal or objective. For organizational project management, this includes the ability to deliver projects predictably, consistently, and successfully to implement organizational strategies. Furthermore, Best Practices are dynamic because they evolve over time as new and better approaches are developed to achieve their stated goal. Using Best Practices increases the probability that the stated goal or objective will be achieved.
An example of a Best Practice, from the OPM3 Best Practices Directory, is number 5240. The name of the Best Practice is "Establish Internal Project Management Communities." It is described as follows: "The organization establishes an internal community that supports project management."
Best Practices are best achieved by developing and consistently demonstrating their supporting Capabilities, as observed through measurable Outcomes.
The full set of Best Practices in OPM3 covers the scope of organizational project management. Organizations do not usually exhibit all Best Practices, and rarely can an organization achieve a new Best Practice quickly.
OPM3 first identified a number of Best Practices, using a brainstorming technique (see Appendix B) to elicit from professionals within industry and government the valued practices in project management adhered to by their own organizations. This list was later organized into logical categories. Such information was eventually further decomposed and refined to develop listings of Capabilities that aggregate to each of those Best Practices.
Later, Best Practices were organized in a manner that the average organization would understand more readily. First, it was determined that there were high-level (Portfolio) processes, multi-project (Program) processes, and Project processes. Subsequently, it was decided to use the PMBOK® Guide's project management process groups (Initiating, Planning, Executing, Controlling, and Closing), and extend them to the domains of Program Management and Portfolio Management. These process groups, within the three domains, along with the four stages of process improvement, were then used to organize Components within the model.
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.