Disadvantages of PRINCE

It is a method and not a cure for any project. People who use PRINCE2 should continue to think.

Some people apply and interpret the methodology in a rigid way and do not tailor it to the project at hand. Huge bureaucracies might be constructed if all checklists are used in a paper format and not adapted to

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System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) Methodology

Many projects follow the classic waterfall approach, and it is fairly straightforward to conceptualize. No rocket science is needed here. You simply have to focus on the logical progression of what needs to happen on the project. The SDLC is in essence a waterfall methodology. Successful companies such as Johnson & Johnson, Novartis, Adventis, American Express, and Nokia use and adhere to an SDLC approach. Table 3.2 describes the basic methodology phases available for a project.

Table 3.2: Simple approach

Phases

Phase Description

Critical Plans

Discovery

Researches and refines organizational objectives for the project.

Strategy/roadmap

Design

Provides the design and solution to the organization.

Blueprint design

Construction

Constructs the product against the design blueprint.

Project plan

Implementation

Implements the tested solution into the organization.

Test/deployment

Follow-up

Ensures that solution is rolled out smoothly and irons out issues.

Maintenance

The project manager should pursue the options and choices of which project methodology to use, depending on the engagement. Tables 3.3 and 3.4 reflect similar methodologies available to project managers when working with a client and deciding which approach to adopt.

Table 3.3: Complex approach

Phases

Phase Description

Critical Plans

Definition

Identifies the project team and lists assumptions.

Project schedule

Data collection

Collects data for the intended solution.

Analysis forms

Develop model

Develops a conceptual model of the solution.

Specification

Verification and validation

Confirms that solution performs as required and compared to all measurable results.

Validation plan

Optimization

Ensures that the solution meets predefined success criteria.

Optimization plan

Delivery

Delivers the solution to the client.

Deployment plan

Table 3.4: Generic approach

Phases

Phase Description

Critical Plans

Needs analysis

Determine exact client requirements.

URS, Business case

Project concept

Establish business objectives and deliverables from the client.

Project definition

Project design

Start designing the solution for the client.

Specifications

Training

Provide training to users in the client organization.

Training plan

Project delivery

Implement the project per the identified project schedule.

Deployment plan

Project support

Address all support-related aspects of the project.

Support plan

For numerous SDLC-type projects today, the trend and style of these methodologies frequently involve completing one phase after the next. Many are monolithic in nature; they are time consuming and some methodologists are calling these formal giants the dinosaurs of project methodologies. SDLC methodologies at least provide a framework for completing projects, but it's not that these methodologies follow the often-quoted maxim "Ye shall release early and release often"; rather, they rely on "Ye shall wait till each phase is complete before releasing resources for the next." In today's complex digital world, where faster is better, project managers struggle to complete projects where complex, unknown technologies are being used. Clients do want to see results much earlier than before. They insist that you follow a project approach, but they want to see results much more quickly and want deliverables to be delivered sooner. My advice is to go through the various approaches mentioned here and select one that is best suited for your needs, and tailor it accordingly. In addition, refer to Chapter 4 of this book to start a journey into methodologies (see Figure 3.6).

Figure 3.6: Complex life-cycle methodology.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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