Table The Seven Wastes

1. Waste of overproduction. Eliminate by reducing setup times, synchronizing quantities and timing between processess, compacting layout, visibility, and so forth. Make only what is needed now.

2. Waste of waiting. Eliminate through synchronizing work flow as much as possible, and balance uneven loads by flexible workers and equipment.

3. Waste of transportation. Establish layouts and locations to make transport and handling unnecessary if possible. Then rationalize transport and material handling that cannot be eliminated.

4. Waste of processing itself. First question why this part or product should be made at all, then why each process is necessary. Extend thinking beyond economy of scale or speed.

5. Waste of stocks. Reduce by shortening setup times and reducing lead times, by synchronizing work flows and improving work skills, and even by smoothing fluctuations in demand for the product. Reducing all the other wastes reduces the waste of stocks.

6. Waste of motion. Study motion for economy and consistency. Economy improves productivity, and consistency improves quality. First improve the motions, then mechanize or automate. Otherwise there is danger of automating waste.

7. Waste of making defective products. Develop the production process to prevent defects from being made so as to eliminate inspection. At each process, accept no defects and make no defects. Make processes failsafe to do this. From a quality process comes a quality product—automatically.

Source: R. Hall, Attaining Manufacturing Excellence. (Homewood, IL: Dow-Jones-Irwin, 1987), p. 26.

raw materials, work in process, and finished goods. Everything ends up being made to order and then delivered as needed. Waste becomes nonexistent. The practicality and risks of this approach may not be feasible for either the company or the project manager.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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