Table Advantages Of A Pure Matrix Organizational Form

• The project manager maintains maximum project control (through the line managers) over all resources, including cost and personnel.

• Policies and procedures can be set up independently for each project, provided that they do not contradict company policies and procedures.

• The project manager has the authority to commit company resources, provided that scheduling does not cause conflicts with other projects.

• Rapid responses are possible to changes, conflict resolution, and project needs (as technology or schedule).

• The functional organizations exist primarily as support for the project.

• Each person has a "home" after project completion. People are susceptible to motivation and end-item identification. Each person can be shown a career path.

• Because key people can be shared, the program cost is minimized. People can work on a variety of problems; that is, better people control is possible.

• A strong technical base can be developed, and much more time can be devoted to complex problemsolving. Knowledge is available for all projects on an equal basis.

• Conflicts are minimal, and those requiring hierarchical referrals are more easily resolved.

• There is a better balance among time, cost, and performance.

• Rapid development of specialists and generalists occurs.

• Authority and responsibility are shared.

• Stress is distributed among the team (and the functional managers).

costs can be minimized. People can be assigned to a variety of challenging problems. Each person, therefore, has a "home" after project completion and a career path. People in these organizations are especially responsive to motivation and end-item identification. Functional managers find it easy to develop and maintain a strong technical base and can, therefore, spend more time on complex problem-solving. Knowledge can be shared for all projects.

The matrix structure can provide a rapid response to changes, conflicts, and other project needs. Conflicts are normally minimal, but those requiring resolution are easily resolved using hierarchical referral.

This rapid response is a result of the project manager's authority to commit company resources, provided that scheduling conflicts with other projects can be eliminated. Furthermore, the project manager has the authority independently to establish his own project policies and procedures, provided that they do not conflict with company policies. This can do away with red tape and permit a better balance among time, cost, and performance.

The matrix structure provides us with the best of two worlds: the traditional structure and the matrix structure. The advantages of the matrix structure eliminate almost all of the disadvantages of the traditional structure. The word "matrix" often brings fear to the hearts of executives because it implies radical change, or at least they think that it does. If we take a close look at Figure 3-6, we can see that the traditional structure is still there. The matrix is simply horizontal lines superimposed over the traditional structure. The horizontal lines will come and go as projects start up and terminate, but the traditional structure will remain.

Matrix structures are not without their disadvantages, as shown in Table 3-6. The first three elements are due to the horizontal and vertical work flow requirements of a matrix. Actually the flow may even be multidimensional if the project manager has to report to

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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