PROJECT

FIGURE 11-4. WBS tree diagram.

A tendency exists to develop guidelines, policies, and procedures for project management, but not for the development of the WBS. Some companies have been marginally successful in developing a "generic" methodology for levels 1, 2, and 3 of the WBS to use on all projects. The differences appear in levels 4, 5, and 6.

The table below shows the three most common methods for structuring the WBS:

Method

Life Cycle

Organization

Program

Life cycle

System

Subsystem

People

People

Program

Division

Department

Section

People

People

Level

Flow

Program Project Task Subtask Work package Level of effort

Program

System

Subsystem

People

People

People

The flow method breaks the work down into systems and major subsystems. This method is well suited for projects less than two years in length. For longer projects, we use the life-cycle method, which is similar to the flow method. The organization method is used for projects that may be repetitive or require very little integration between functional units.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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