Organizational

FIGURE 11-14. Project planning.

manager begins with a coarse (arrow diagram) network, and then decides on the work breakdown structure. The WBS is essential to the arrow diagram and should be constructed so that reporting elements and levels are easily identifiable. Eventually, there will be an arrow diagram and detailed chart for each element in the WBS. If there is too much detail, the project manager can refine the diagram by combining all logic into one plan and can then decide on the work assignments. There is a risk here that, by condensing the diagrams as much as possible, there may be a loss of clarity. As shown in Figure 11-14, all the charts and schedules can be integrated into one summary-level figure. This can be accomplished at each WBS level until the desired plan is achieved.

Finally, project, line, and executive management must analyze other internal and external variables before finalizing these schedules. These variables include:

• Introduction or acceptance of the product in the marketplace

• Present or planned manpower availability

• Economic constraints of the project

• Degree of technical difficulty

• Manpower availability

• Availability of personnel training

• Priority of the project

In small companies and projects, certain items in Figure 11-14 may be omitted, such as the LRCs.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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