Exploring the Project Management Knowledge Areas

We talked about the five process groups in Chapter 1. They are Initiating, Planning, Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, and Closing. Each process group is made up of a collection of processes used throughout the project life cycle The PMBOK® Guide groups these processes into nine categories that it calls The Project Management Knowledge Areas. These groupings, or Knowledge Areas, bring together processes that have characteristics in common. For example, the Project Cost Management Knowledge Area involves all aspects of the budgeting process, as you would suspect. Therefore, processes such as Estimate Costs, Determine Budget, and Control Costs belong to this Knowledge Area. Here's the tricky part—these processes don't belong to the same project management process groups (Estimate Costs and Determine Budget are part of the Planning process group, and Control Costs is part of the Monitoring

and Controlling process group). Think of it this way: Knowledge Areas bring together processes by commonalities, whereas project management process groups are more or less the order in which you perform the project management processes (although remember that you can come back through these processes more than once). The nine Knowledge Areas are as follows:

■ Project Integration Management

■ Project Scope Management

■ Project Time Management

■ Project Cost Management

■ Project Quality Management

■ Project Human Resource Management

■ Project Communications Management

■ Project Risk Management

■ Project Procurement Management

Let's take a closer look at each Knowledge Area so you understand how they relate to the process groups. Included in each of the following sections are tables that illustrate the processes that make up the Knowledge Area and the project management process group to which each process belongs. This will help you see the big picture in terms of process groups compared to Knowledge Areas. I'll discuss each of the processes in the various Knowledge Areas throughout the book, but for now, you'll take a high-level look at each of them.

Exam Spotlight

The PMP exam may have a question or two regarding the processes that make up a Knowledge Area. Remember that Knowledge Areas bring together processes by commonalities, so thinking about the Knowledge Area itself should tip you off to the processes that belong to it. Projects are executed in process group order, but the Knowledge Areas allow a project manager to think about groups of processes that require specific skills. This makes the job of assigning resources easier because team members with specific skills might be able to work on and complete several processes at once. To broaden your understanding of the Knowledge Areas, cross-reference the purposes and the processes that make up each Knowledge Area with the PMBOK® Guide.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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