Enterprise Environmental Factors

The enterprise environmental factors input shows up as an input to many of the other processes we'll discuss throughout the book. This input refers to the factors outside the project that have (or might have) significant influence on the success of the project. According to the PMBOKĀ® Guide, the environmental factors include the following:

Organizational culture, structure, and processes I talked about organizational structures and their influence on the organization in Chapter 1.

Governmental or industry standards These include elements such as regulatory standards and regulations (for instance, doctors must be licensed to practice medicine on people or pets), quality standards (International Standards Organization standards, for example), product standards, and workmanship standards.

Infrastructure This refers to the organization's facilities and capital equipment. I'll also include information technology in this category.

Human resources This refers to the existing staff's skills and knowledge.

Personnel administration These are guidelines for hiring and firing, training, and employee performance reviews.

Organization's work authorization system This defines how the work of the project is authorized.

Marketplace conditions The old supply-and-demand theory applies here along with economic and financial factors.

Stakeholder risk tolerances This is the level of risk stakeholders are willing to take on. I'll talk more about this in Chapter 6, "Risk Planning."

Political climate This concerns both the internal and external political climate or influences on the project or organization.

Organization's established communications channels These are the mechanisms the organization uses to communicate both internally and externally

Commercial databases These refer to industry-specific information, risk databases, and so on.

These factors can influence the way you manage the project and, in some cases, the outcomes of the project. For example, perhaps the folks assigned to your project are junior level and don't have the skills, experience, or knowledge needed to complete the work of the project. It's up to the project manager to understand the organization's environmental factors and account for and consider how they can influence the management and outcomes of the project.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know aboutā€¦ Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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