Characteristics of the Process Groups

The progression through the project management process groups exhibits the same characteristics as progression through the project phases. That is, costs are lowest during the Initiating processes, and few team members are involved. Costs and staffing increase in the Executing process group and then decrease as you approach the Closing process group. The chances for success are lowest during Initiating and highest during Closing. The chances for risks occurring are higher during Initiating, Planning, and Executing, but the impacts of risks are greater during the later processes. Stakeholders have the greatest influence during the Initiating and Planning processes and less and less influence as you progress through Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, and Closing. To give you a better idea of when certain characteristics influence a project, refer to Table 1.3.

TABLE 1.3 Characteristics of the Project Process Groups

Initiating

Planning

Monitoring and Executing Controlling Closing

Costs

Highest

Lower

Lowest

Staffing Levels

Lower

High

High

Table 1.3 Characteristics of the Project Process Groups (continued)

Initiating

Planning

Executing

Monitoring and Controlling

Closing

Chance for Successful Completion

Lowest

Low

Medium

High

Highest

Stakeholder Influence

Highest

High

Medium

Low

Lowest

risk Probability of Occurrence

Lowest

Low

High

High

Lower

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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