Answers to Review Questions

1. D. Procurement documents include bids, quotations, RFIs, IFBs, RFPs, RFQs, and so on as you learned in the Plan Procurements process. They are an input of the Conduct Procurements process.

2. C. Receivers filter information through cultural considerations, knowledge of the subject matter, language abilities, geographic location, emotions, and attitudes.

3. A. Project reports describe project status and are an item that is distributed, not a distribution tool.

4. B. Group sizes of 5 to 11 participants make the most accurate decisions.

5. B. Lessons learned (which is what this question describes) are useful for activities and processes for the current project as well as future projects.

6. A. Weighted systems are a type of proposal evaluation technique, which is one of the tools and techniques of this process used to evaluate vendors based on selection criteria defined by the organization.

7. D. Bidder conferences are a tool and technique of the Conduct Procurements.

8. D. Qualified seller lists are an input of Conduct Procurements. Their purpose is to provide information about the sellers.

9. C. Independent estimates, also called should cost estimates, are a way to check proposed pricing.

10. C. Fait accompli is a tactic used during contract negotiations where one party convinces the other that the particular issue is no longer relevant or cannot be changed.

11. B. Make-or-buy analysis is an input of the Conduct Procurements process and a tool and technique of the Plan Procurements process.

12. B. The acceptance of work results happens later during the Verify Scope process, not during Perform Quality Assurance.

13. A. The process analysis technique in the Perform Quality Assurance process includes root cause analysis to analyze a problem and solution and to create preventive actions.

14. C. Proprietary quality management methodologies are a tool and technique of the Plan Quality process.

15. C. Face-to-face meetings are the most effective means for resolving stakeholder issues provided these meetings are practical.

16. B. Status meetings are to report on the progress of the project. They are not for demos or show-and-tell. Option C is not correct because stakeholders are not concerned about the content of the technical documentation; they need to know that a qualified technician has reviewed the technical documentation and that the documentation task is accurate and complete.

17. D. The selected sellers output requires a negotiated contract. Independent estimates are a tool and technique of this process.

18. A. The project manager alone is responsible for managing stakeholder expectations.

19. B. Procurement negotiations, a tool and technique of Conduct Procurements, can become its own process with inputs and outputs for large or complex projects.

20. C. The solicitation phase is where bids and proposals are prepared. The award phase of the contract life cycle is where bids and proposals are received and evaluation criteria used to determine a winner.


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