Adjourning

Tuckman originally devised this theory using the first four stages of development. Based on later research by Tuckman and Mary Ann Jensen, a fifth stage of development was added called adjourning. You may see this model referred to as the Tuckman-Jensen model in other literature, and you might want to tuck that piece of information away for the exam. You've probably seen this model elsewhere, but since these stages might show up on the exam, you'll want to memorize them. Take a brief look at each of them:

Forming This one is easy. Forming is the beginning stage of team formation, when all the members are brought together, introduced, and told the objectives of the project. This is where team members learn why they're working together. During this stage, team members tend to be formal and reserved and take on an "all-business" approach.

Storming Storming is where the action begins. Team members become confrontational with each other as they're vying for position and control during this stage. They're working through who is going to be the top dog and jockeying for status.

Norming Now things begin to calm down. Team members know each other fairly well by now. They're comfortable with their positions in the team, and they begin to deal with project problems instead of people problems. In the norming stage, they confront the project concerns and problems instead of each other. Decisions are made jointly at this stage, and team members exhibit mutual respect and familiarity with one another.

Performing Ahh, perfection. Well, almost, anyway. This is where great teams end up. This stage is where the team is productive and effective. The level of trust among team members is high, and great things are achieved. This is the mature development stage.

Adjourning As the name implies, this phase refers to the breakup of the team after the work is completed.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

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