There are four steps in integration. These steps are part of the normal project life cycle, not separate from them.
1. Project alignment. Projects are aligned and integrated with company strategy and financial goals. Projects that are not aligned with where the company or agency is going are destined to fail. Integration with the "home" competency and culture is key to success. Tools used to assure such integration include a weighted scoring model, portfolio process, and top management interface.
2. Interface management. All stakeholders in the project are involved in project planning through effective interface management.
Projects are continually interfaced with the following perspectives and functions:
■ Human resources
■ Manufacturing or production
3. Project trade-off management. Cost, schedule, risk, and quality are built into project work and task definition so that trade-offs can be made between them.
Work is defined in terms that can be monitored; if the monitoring system is attuned to the way work is planned, then progress reporting can be successful.
4. Earned value control. Project progress is assessed through indicators of schedule, cost, and quality variance. In addition to the traditional focus on schedule and cost variance, a new concept called quality variance, is introduced. Quality variance is distinct assessment of the gap between customer expectations and product or service delivery.
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.