This stage gateway is the key management action—the change intervention that empowers the company to carry out project integration. The stage actions facilitate consistency with PMI's Project Body of Knowledge section on project integration management. Here the organization shows the face of coordination, integration, and teamwork through its processes. Good program planning is reflected in employees who are disciplined to do what is necessary to integrate, even when such activity may seem "bureaucratic" and overly administrative in nature. In other words, engineers may be uncomfortable with preparing a project charter when the ingredients of such a charter are already in their heads, until they see that the charter is necessary to mobilize the whole team.
An integrated environment also involves setting up the work of the organization at every level to allow monitoring for earned value. The concept of integration begins at the task level. Interface factors such as key earned value milestones and cost factors in a project should be built into individual task structure in the project planning process. If the task is structured correctly, project integration is practical and routine; if not, project integration becomes difficult because there is no objective set of indicators for project performance against time and cost.
The major stages of PMI's project integration management are as follows:
■ Develop project charter. A full and detailed discussion of the charter of the project team.
■ Develop preliminary scope statement. A statement of the work of the project and how the staged, gateway system would work, including criteria for passage from one stage to another.
■ Develop project management plan. An overall project plan including plans for scope, generic WBS, schedule, cost, quality, staffing, risk, procurement and contracting, resources, configuration management, and change control.
■ Direct and manage project execution. This would be a statement of the administrative and managerial actions that will be triggered to authorize work, to assign work, and to generate teamwork in the project team.
■ Monitor and control project work. This includes the approach to monitoring progress and remaining work, through the use of earned value (cost and schedule variance) tools.
■ Plan for project closeout. This stage would include procedures to terminate the project, including financial, contract, and resource disposition.
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.