SUMMARY

Ensuring that the final software has few defects is one of the prime concerns of a project manager. In the procedural approach to quality management, quality control procedures are planned and then properly executed. In the quantitative quality management approach, a quantitative quality goal is set for the project; to achieve this goal, the execution of the process is monitored quantitatively.

Table 5.4. Reviews in the ACIC Project

Review Point

Review Item

Type of Review

End of project planning

Project plan

Group review

Defect control system set up Project schedule

Software quality adviser review

Software quality adviser review

End of project planning

CM plan

Group review

End of 90% of requirements (this should be at the end of the first elaboration iteration)

Business analysis and requirements specification document

Use case catalog

Group review

End of 90% design (this should be at the end of the second elaboration iteration)

Design document Object model

Group review

Beginning of each iteration

Iteration plans

One-person review

End of detailed design

Complex and first-time-generated program specs including test cases, interaction diagrams

Group review

After coding of first few programs

Code

Group review

After self-testing of a process

Code

One-person review

End of unit test plan

Unit test plan

One-person review

Beginning of integration test

Integration test plan

Group review

Following are the key lessons from Infosys's approach to quantitative quality management through defect prediction:

• As with managing effort and schedule, you can manage quality by using the number of defects as the metric for quality.

• Set the quality goal for a project in terms of the number of defects during acceptance testing. Use past data on process capability to set this goal.

• Using past data, estimate the defect levels for the various defect detection stages in the process. Compare these estimates to the actual number of defects found during project execution to see whether the project is progressing satisfactorily toward achieving the goal or whether some correction is needed.

• In addition to testing, plan for reviews, clearly specifying the review points, review items, and review types.

• If the quality goal of the project is higher than past performance, it cannot be achieved using the same process as earlier projects. To achieve the higher goals, you must enhance the process.

• Use defect prevention as a strategy to achieve higher quality and productivity goals in a project. For defect prevention, identify the defect prevention team, the points at which defect analysis will be done, and the expected benefits.

The methods described in this chapter satisfy the quality planning requirements of the Software Product Engineering KPA and the planning requirements of the Peer Review KPA at level 3 of the CMM. They also satisfy the quantitative quality planning requirements of the Software Quality Management KPA at level 4. The defect prevention planning satisfies some requirements of the Defect Prevention KPA of level 5.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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