Any supplies that are integral to completing tasks can be added to your project plan as a material resource. Examples of such material resources might be steel for a building structure, roofing material for a home, and bricks for a landscaping project. You might have a task Lay brick sidewalk, to which a bricklayer is assigned for a certain amount of time. You can also assign a quantity of bricks to the task. The bricklayer and the bricks are both essential resources to the completion of the task.
For example, suppose that you have a landscaping project that includes the Lay down beauty bark task. The material resource for this task is obviously beauty bark. Because beauty bark is measured in cubic yards, you would have set the material's unit of measurement, or label, as cubic yards when you added beauty bark as a material resource in the Resource Sheet. Now, when you assign beauty bark as a material resource to the Lay down beauty bark task, you can specify the assignment units as 6, to indicate 6 cubic yards of beauty bark.
We introduced the hammock function in Chapter 3.4. This capability, which, incidentally, is not found in many CPM packages, has several handy uses. A hammock is a type of task that does not have a fixed time duration. Instead, it automatically calculates its duration from the tasks that it is associated with (or group of tasks that the hammock spans). To illustrate, let's go back to that expressway project. There are a number of tasks that are associated with the erection of the new guardrails. We lay out and mark the location. We make holes for the support posts. We place the posts. We attach and fasten the guardrails. We may paint them. Finally, we complete the landscaping. All during this period, we have to close the right lane and operate a flashing sign warning of the lane closure.
The Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (ADOT&PF) plans to upgrade the existing turnout at Birch Lake, Mile 306 of the Richardson Highway. The project entails installing trash receptacles, picnic tables, vaulted toilets, informational signs, and landscaping features. Improvements will affect public access to the lake. We will be holding a public workshop at
We can think of this as building prefabricated houses. Every prefabricated house is built from a similar structure, a basic framework that will underlie every house. This doesn't mean that the houses will all look identical. Once we move beyond the basic framework, each house will have certain things added to make it unique landscaping, color arrangement, bathroom fixtures, carpeting, etc. While the framework of each house is identical, we can place different things within this framework to make completely different houses.
A task name describes an activity that produces a product. For example, if a WBS in a landscaping project lists lawn or shrubs, you will need to add verbs to each task name lawn becomes put in lawn, shrubs becomes plant shrubs, and so on. The next step is to break down each task into the lower-level, detailed tasks required to produce the product. Figures 6.2 and 6.3 illustrate how the WBS looks with multiple task levels.
In the seventies, the design process in construction and urban planning projects was almost always headed by one, or perhaps several, professional designers. While these were usually architects, they were sometimes construction engineers or, in the case of large-scale projects, urban and landscape designers. Today, however, a comprehensive design team consisting of all the parties involved in the preparatory work is responsible for the design process
The scope of our phase of the project involved construction of a low-density housing development consisting of five buildings on a 13.5-acre rural site. It would contain forty-eight two- and three-bedroom, garden-style apartments ranging in size from 1,000 to 1,300 square feet. The plans called for children's play areas, ample parking, and attractive landscaping.
The food waste composting project at Larry's Markets became one of the country's first when it began in the fall of 1991. The project is part of the company's comprehensive environmental program that includes recycling, waste reduction, energy conservation, water management, environmental landscaping, environmental product evaluation, community project support, and more. In addition, Larry's began using the finished compost for landscaping. A new Larry's store in Tukwila, Washington, which opened in July 1993, used the compost in the topsoil of its large landscape. Also, Larry's B.I.O. Scapes landscaping staff uses the compost on the company's other landscapes, including an organic apple orchard and herb garden at its Kirkland, Washington, store.
On schemes involving different types of engineering, design may be let out in separate 'packages' to different specialist consultants. For instance the design of an industrial estate may be packaged into - roads and drainage water supply and sewerage power supplies, and landscaping. For large schemes the promoter may appoint an overall consultant with wide experience to co-ordinate the inputs of the specialist design consultants.
The CESMM will usually be found suitable for billing all work required to complete the framework, walling, cladding and roofing to buildings, and such matters as pipework, roads, sewerage, landscaping and fencing. Other building items primarily cover the interior finishes, carpentry and joinery, and other miscellaneous matters. These can be measured by some simple method a civil contractor will understand, since he will have experience of building work as well as civil engineering. It is not necessary to follow all the details of the standard method of measuring building work, for example the many 'extra overs' listed in that method for brickwork. The preamble to the bills of quantities
Homeowners Guide To Landscaping
How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.