NEDOs activities

2.3.1 Research and development of leading-edge industrial technology

There is a considerable amount of risk and uncertainty inherent to the development of industrial technology, and consequently, many research fields have not as yet been investigated by the private sector. NEDO undertakes government-funded leading-edge R&D projects that utilize an extensive network involving private sector industries, universities and public research institutes. In addition to national projects, NEDO supports activities over a wide range of development stages, including research that may lead to industrial precursor technologies and commercial development by private sector firms. The R&D fields include:

• Biotechnology

• Information technology

• Nanotechnology

• Environmental technology

• Machinery technology

• Medical technology

• Chemical substance management

• Aeronautical technology

• Robotics technology.

2.3.2 Research, development and dissemination of new energy and energy conservation technologies

The development of new energy and energy conservation technologies is essential for realizing clean energy sources that can help reduce the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. NEDO has achieved considerable success in developing innovative technologies for solar energy systems and fuel cell power generation. Through the implementation of field tests and various types of promotion and support projects, it has also played an important role in the introduction and dissemination of new energy and energy conservation technologies throughout Japan. The R&D fields include:

• Fuel cell and hydrogen technology

• Photovoltaic technology

• Biomass technology

• Energy conservation technology.

2.3.3 Introduction and popularization of new energy and energy conservation technologies

In order to effectively and efficiently introduce and popularize new energy and energy conservation programs, NEDO provides integrated support over three development stages: technological development, empirical verification, and introduction and popularization. Through the implementation of field tests and various types of promotion and support projects, NEDO plays an important role in the introduction and popularization of new energy and energy conservation technologies in Japan and abroad. Figure 3 shows the trinity approach of NEDO's activities.

Focus on Commercialization and Practical Utilization

Technological Development

Developing new energy that can be supplied at a cost comparable to existing energy sources while assuming practical use.

• Energy Conservation Improving energy efficiency in the industrial, residential and transportation sectors.

Empirical Verification

Developing new energy that can be supplied at a cost comparable to existing energy sources while assuming practical use.

• Energy Conservation Improving energy efficiency in the industrial, residential and transportation sectors.

•Verification of all aspects concerning the utility ofresulting technologies for society

• Comprehensive support forintroducing new energy in consideration of the issues of regional balance and the characteristics of targeted recipients

• Promoting comprehensive measures to conserve energy in the industrial, household and transportation sectors

Field Tests, Foreign Collaboration

Empirical Verification

•Verification of all aspects concerning the utility ofresulting technologies for society

Introduction and Popularization

• Comprehensive support forintroducing new energy in consideration of the issues of regional balance and the characteristics of targeted recipients

• Promoting comprehensive measures to conserve energy in the industrial, household and transportation sectors

NEDO aims to contribute to the attainment of the "Kyoto Protocol Achievement Plan (2010)" and achieve the "Revised Long-Term Energy Supply and Demand Outlook (2030)."

Fig. 3 Trinity approach of NEDO's activities

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