The Role of QA on the Project

The person who is responsible for QA has many duties and responsibilities. The following section lists many of the things that a QA person would be expected to do.

Participate in the change management process to assess the risk of putting fixes into the environment during acceptance testing.

Assist the test team in isolating the source of discrepancies between expected and actual test results. If the error is in software design, thoroughly analyze the ramifications of any design changes. Design diagrams and structure charts before proceeding with corrections to code.

Complete preparations for acceptance testing, including the establishment of the acceptance test environment. Unlike system testing, acceptance testing always takes place in the targeted environment. It is therefore extremely important to schedule computer resources well in advance.

Check the simulated data to ensure that required test data have been produced.

Obtain expected results from the acceptance test plan and review them for completeness. Calculate any missing expected results. Be certain that the introduction of new load modules is according to test configuration management procedures. When a new, corrected load module is received, first rerun tests that previously failed because of software errors. If these tests succeed, proceed with regression testing.

Analyze and report test results. Evaluate test results as soon as possible after execution. Wherever possible, use automated tools in the analysis process. Record analysis procedures and keep all relevant materials. Remember that records and reports should give complete accounts of the procedures followed. If a test cannot be evaluated, note the fact and report the reasons for it. ? Compare all test results with expected results and note that all defects are documented, regardless of how minor they appear or whether they will be corrected.


The planning for and preparation of the solution infrastructure prior to the actual implementation is an important step. Once the physical facility has been identified, the following aspects need to be managed by the project team:

? That sufficient power and workstations exist for all the users and equipment ? That sufficient workspace exists for all the identified users

? That network connectivity can be established between users and services or systems

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