In this chapter, I've presented the outline of what project management is all about. I talked about the main body of project management knowledge in the world, pointed you to Project Management Institute (PMI), and touched on Project Management Professional (PMP) certification. Because almost everything that happens in the project management world pivots on something that comes out of PMI, it is important to understand how big an impact the organization has on all things having to do with project management.
I began our discussion of project management with the very basic definition of a project—a process that is designed to create a unique new service or product. Projects have a definite beginning and end.
I then talked about the three most common constraints that any project faces: time, costs (budget), and quality. These three balance on each other— you cannot make a change to one without having to alter the other two.
Next I detailed the phases of a project: initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing. The phases basically run one after the other, and each phase feeds inputs into the succeeding phase. However, there may be some overlap between phases.
As you just noticed, I introduced a traveling sample project, Prestige Hotels, that you'll carry with you for the duration of this book.
Finally, as you read on, you will find that the end of every chapter includes a set of 20 review questions designed to quiz you on the information you have just reviewed —while it's still fresh in your mind. Because this chapter is really more of an introduction to general project management concepts, of the questions here are not keyed specifically to CompTIA's exam objectives. However, I did want to include a sampling of 10 review questions to get you more comfortable with the testing format.
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.