Project Management Methodology Activities across the PMO Continuum

The evolution of the "project management methodology" function along the PMO competency continuum is characterized by:

■ Development and implementation of increasingly more complete and comprehensive project management processes and practices

■ Increased integration of technical and business process activities

■ Wider cross-functional influence at advanced stages of the continuum, in association with the broader oversight authority and responsibility for project management prescribed by the methodology

Table 1.1 presents an overview of the range of prescribed PMO project management methodology activities according to each level in the PMO competency continuum.

The project office, as a formal or informal entity, is the fundamental agent of project management methodology implementation. Traditionally, project oversight has relied on the skill, knowledge, and personal experience that each project manager has brought to bear on the projects they manage. Using the project office, project managers can now share their wisdom by developing practices that can be re-used and applied across other similar projects assigned to the project office. Ultimately, these practices will form the foundation of the more-structured, repeatable project management processes contained in a methodology that can be shared across the organization.

Mid-range PMO levels of the continuum have the responsibility of developing and deploying a full life-cycle project management methodology that best fits the needs and requirements of the relevant organization. The PMO first ensures that a standard, structured, and repeatable process for conducting project management is established within the organization. This can begin with incremental development of only the most critical processes and later expanded to encompass a more complete life cycle as the organization gains additional understanding and benefits from the initial processes. The PMO then expands its influence to develop its methodology to a comprehensive and robust level with appropriate inte-

Table 1.1 Range of Project Management Methodology Activities across the PMO Continuum

Project Office

Basic PMO

Standard PMO

Advanced PMO

Center of Excellence

Applies effective practices for project performance and oversight; and employs standard life-cycle processes when available

Introduces critical processes and practices of project management:

- Identifies and develops critical processes

- Manages cross-project critical process use

- Identifies best and preferred practices

Establishes and monitors use of a complete project management methodology:

- Provides full project life-cycle coverage

- Integrates technical processes

- Conducts methodology user training

Enhances content and monitors use of a comprehensive methodology:

- Integrates business processes

- Optimizes automated tool alignment

- Facilitates methodology use across relevant business units

Conducts project management methodology analyses:

- Examines process variation in business units

- Assesses methodology use and ongoing process improvement rD o su su g rD

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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