Relating to Organizational Theories Pmbok Section

In the PMBOK, this is a minor section, with hints to these project management and human resource theories. On your exam, however, you can expect to see some of these topics there, so let's have a look at these theories in more detail.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

According to Abraham Maslow, people work to take care of a hierarchy of needs. The pinnacle of their needs is self-actualization. People want to contribute, prove their worth, and use their skills and abilities. Figure 9-4 shows the pyramid of needs that all people try to ascend by fulfilling each layer, one at a time. Maslow's five layers of needs, from lowest to highest, are:

• Physiological People require these necessities to live: air, water, food, clothing, and shelter.

Figure 9-4

Maslow's theory states that people ultimately work for self-actualization.

Esteem

Social

Safety

Physiological

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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