Loving the Project Management Processes Pmbok Section

Before we get too deep into this chapter, learn this: You do not have to do every single project management process on every single project. The project manager and the project team must determine which project management processes are most appropriate for each project. Once the needed processes have been identified, the project manager and project team must also determine to what extent the processes are needed. The processes are tailored to their project. As a heuristic, larger projects require more detail than smaller projects.

The 44 project management processes have been recognized as good practices for most projects, but they are not a mandate for good practices on all projects. For your Project Management Institute (PMI) examination, however, you'll be tested on all of the project management processes in detail. Yep. Although you may not use all of the project management processes in the real world, the exam will test you on all of the processes as if you do. Why? Because there is, no doubt, more than one way to manage a project. PMI isn't stubborn enough to say it's our way or no way—that'd be unreasonable.

The approach that PMI does take, however, is based somewhat on W. Edwards Deming's Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle, as Figure 3-1 demonstrates. In Deming's model, adapted by the American Society for Quality, the end of one process launches the start of another. For example, the end of the planning process allows the launch of the doing process. Once the work has been completed, you check it. Based on the results of your investigation, you'd move right into the acting process, which means you're responding to the results of your checking process.

PMI's project management model, which we'll see throughout this chapter, is a bit more involved than the Plan-Do-Check-Act approach. Figure 3-2 demonstrates the big picture of project management. The components of the model are called the process groups. Process groups are collections of the processes you'll be doing in different situations within your project. You've experienced, I'm sure, that projects are initiated, planned, executed, monitored and controlled, and then closed. There are distinct actions that fit nicely within each one of the process groups—that's the gist of this chapter.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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