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Scoring models These models use a common set of values for all of the projects up for selection. For example, values can be profitability, complexity, customer demand, and so on.

Screening system A screening system is a tool that filters, or screens out, vendors that don't qualify for the contract.

Secondary risks These are new risks that are created as a result of a risk response.

Seller rating system This is used by an organization to rate prior experience with each vendor that it has worked with in the past. The seller rating system can track performance, quality ratings, delivery, and even contract compliance.

Sender This is the person who wants to send a message.

Sender-receiver models Feedback loops and barriers to communications.

Sensitivity analysis A quantitative risk analysis tool that examines each risk to determine which one has the largest impact on the project's success.

Sharing A risk response that shares the advantages of a positive risk within a project.

Single source Many vendors can provide what your project needs to purchase, but you prefer to work with a specific vendor.

Smoothing This approach smoothes out the conflict by minimizing the perceived size of the problem. It is a temporary solution, but can calm down team relations and boisterous discussions.

Soft logic The order of the activities doesn't necessarily have to happen in a specific order. For example, you could install the light fixtures first, then the carpet, and then paint the room. The project manager could use soft logic to change the order of the activities if he or she desired.

Sole source Only one vendor can provide what your project needs to purchase. Examples include a specific consultant, specialized service, or unique type of material.

Staffing management plan A subsidiary plan of the project management plan that defines staff acquisition, timetables, release criteria, training needs, reward and recognition system, compliance issues, and safety concerns for the project.

Stakeholder analysis A scope definition process whereby the project management team interviews the stakeholders and categorizes, prioritizes, and documents what the project customer wants and needs. Stakeholder analysis demands quantification of stakeholder objectives; goals such as "good," "satisfaction," and "speedy" aren't quantifiable.

Stakeholder notifications Notices to the stakeholders about resolved issues, approved changes, and the overall health of the project.

Start-to-finish (SF) An activity relationship that requires an activity to start so that its successor may finish. This is the most unusual of all the activity relationship types.

Start-to-start (SS) An activity relationship type that requires the current activity to start before its successor may start.

Statistical sampling A process of choosing a percentage of results at random. For example, a project creating a medical device may have 20 percent of all units randomly selected to check for quality.

Status review meeting A regularly scheduled meeting to discuss the status of the project and its progress towards completing the project scope statement.

Strong matrix structure An organization where organizational resources are pooled into one project team, but the functional managers have less project power than the project manager.

Subnet A representation of a project network diagram that is often used for outsourced portions of project, repetitive work within a project, or a subproject. Also called a fragnet.

Subproject A smaller project managed within a larger, parent project. Subprojects are often contracted work whose deliverable allows the larger project to progress. The electrical wiring of a new building is a subproject of the parent project—the actual construction of the new building.

Sunk costs Monies that have already been invested in a project.

SWOT analysis SWOT analysis is the process of examining the project from the perspective of four characteristics (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats).

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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