The role of a project manager is distinct from that of a functional manager. Typically the functional manager is focused on providing management oversight for an operational department and the resources that support the functional area. The project manager is involved with the planning, controlling and monitoring, as well as managing and directing the resources associated with a project. The project manager is also responsible to the project stakeholders for delivering a project's objectives within scope, schedule, cost, and quality.
Depending on the organizational structure, a project manager may report to a functional manager. In other cases, a project manager may be one of several project managers who report to a program manager that is ultimately responsible for enterprise-wide projects. In this type of structure, the project manager works closely with the program manager to achieve the project objectives and to ensure the project plan aligns with the overarching program plan.
Project managers assemble metrics (such as baseline and actual values for costs, schedule, work in progress, and work completed) for individual components and analyze these metrics to effectively manage their respective project. If the project is managed under a program or portfolio, the project manager regularly reports these metrics and the results of their analyses to the program/portfolio manager and other appropriate stakeholders.
Many of the tools and techniques for managing projects are specific to project management. However, understanding and applying the knowledge, tools, and techniques that are recognized as good practice is not sufficient for effective project management. In addition to any area-specific skills or competencies required for the project, effective project management requires that the project management team acquire the following three dimensions of project management competencies:
.1 Project Management Knowledge Competency. This refers to what the project management team knows about project management.
.2 Project Management Performance Competency. This refers to what the project management team is able to do or accomplish while applying their project management knowledge.
.3 Personal Competency. This refers to how the project management team behaves when performing the project or activity. Personal competency encompasses attitudes and core personality characteristics.
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.