Control Charts

Control charts are described in Section 8.1.2.3. In this process, the appropriate data is collected and analyzed to indicate the quality status of project processes and products. Control charts illustrate how a process behaves over time and when a process is subject to special cause variation, resulting in an out-of-control condition. They graphically answer the question: "Is this process variance within acceptable limits?" The pattern of data points on a control chart may reveal random fluctuating values, sudden process jumps, or a gradual trend in increased variation. By monitoring the output of a process over time, a control chart can help assess whether the application of process changes resulted in the desired improvements. When a process is within acceptable limits it is in control and does not need to be adjusted. Conversely, when a process is outside acceptable limits, the process should be adjusted. The upper control limit and lower control limit are usually set at ±3 sigma, where 1 sigma is one standard deviation.

Time

Machine

Method

Materia)

\ \ \ \

Major Defect

/ / / /

Energy

Measurement

Personnel

Environment

Effect

Potenial Causes

Effect

Figure 8-8. Cause and Effect Diagram with Next Level of Detail
Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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