House Plans and Home Floor Plans
In architectural design and urban planning, a dominant spatial dimension of resources is the position of resources in two- and three-dimensional space. This position is commonly expressed in floor plans, land use plans, and three dimensional models of buildings and their urban environments. In terms of allocation of resources, a floor plan is a proposal for allocation of architectural spaces to accommodate human activities such as living, shopping, eating, and office work. In terms of Open Design Which spatial layout of the resources fits the activities to be accommodated best, in accordance with stakeholders' wishes, goals, and constraints, and with the architectural style chosen Starting from the standard LP model The function of the variable aij is explained with an example (Table 8.1) A floor plan F for building B consists of four spaces, si,s2, s3, s4. The floor plan should accommodate three different activities, d1, d2, d3. The designer of the floor plan decides that si is...
Prototypes should be done from the top down. Start with what the users will see and the sequence in which they will see it. Involve your usability and design experts as early as possible to get to some reasonable designs and assumptions. There's not much sense in spending days planning databases and XML schemas until a few screens have been made that's like building the frame of a house before you've seen the floor plan. If you do, you're guaranteed to throw away production quality work, something the prototyping effort is meant to avoid. (For arguments on the issues of programming before designing, see Alan Cooper's The Inmates Are Running the Asylum, Sams, 2004.)
For each selected alternative, the planning process proceeds through several steps. For a facility project such as our proposed elementary school, the architect will begin to develop general concepts, perhaps using proximity or bubble diagrams to show relationships among the facility's functions, leading to preliminary floor plans and renderings. The engineer will support this process with general investigations of utilities, structural components, sitework and communication systems. For a highway or bridge project, the engineer will lead the effort to
Numerical calculations are often not convincing enough. architects are generally not impressed by numbers, they want to see what outcomes look like. To convince, therefore, outcomes of numerical calculations need to be visualised. Any numerical outcome should be visualised by associated geometrical modelling. For instance, if an alternative for the number of 2-person and 1-person rooms of an office building is proposed, a drawing of the floor plan should immediately appear on the display to visualise the features of the proposed distribution of 2 and 1 person rooms.
The geometrical model will be changed to include small studios situated right above the passenger terminal (Fig. 9.1). The floor plan of the dwellings is such that they are oriented towards the roof above the railway tracks. This roof is meant to function as a park, a public area. The access to the dwellings is through a gallery that can be seen from the passenger terminal.
On a facilities project, the architect takes the lead responsibility for developing the owner's programme, first into a generic or conceptual design, then into more detailed floor plans and finally into a complete set of drawings and other documents sufficient to have the project assembled in the field. The architect is concerned with building space use, appearance, relationships among users and spaces and finishes, as well as the overall coordination of all parties to the planning and design process. In addition, the architect will probably be in charge of the process to select the contractor and may be involved, during construction, in quality control inspections and other activities on behalf of the owner. When the engineer is in charge of a highway, industrial, heavy or utility project, the architect's role, if any, will generally be confined to the visual appearance and finish details of any buildings and other structures. The Royal Incorporation of Architects of Scotland...
Design development activities flow naturally from, and are based on, documents produced during schematic design. In Figure 3.2, note the progression from schematic design to design development. Work continues on the site plan, floor plans, exterior elevations and building sections, with detailed work on wall sections, structural floor plans, reflected ceilings and laboratory layouts. Mechanical, electrical and plumbing distribution design receives major emphasis. Code analysis work is updated and site utility, cost estimate and agency review efforts are expanded and refined. In addition, work on construction specifications is begun. Fivecat Studio (2001) is so bold as to state the following
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