Management Cycle

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Management cycle means a series of processes for coordination and control that are closely related to project work processes. Management cycles should be designed so that project work processes will be accomplished more effectively. In this sense, management cycles should function so that characteristics of project work processes are well understood, and organically incorporated to demonstrate effects.

The objective of management cycle is to achieve smooth accomplishment of projects without trouble. For that purpose, in preparing to advance projects without trouble, coordination and decision making processes to reasonably solve and decide on issues should be defined.

The management cycle includes both program and project management cycles. In enterprises, multiple projects are concurrently running, so their resources are in competition with each other.

Information analysis

Create a new substance


General toxicity test

Special toxicity test

Testing notice

Testing notice

Central Pharmaceutical Affairs Council

Investigation Committee

Special session

Standing session

Approval / Permission

Appropriateness as a drug is examined by experts in each field.

Approved as a drug and a permit for manufacturing is given.

Listing in the National Health Insurance Drug Price Standard


Post-marketing surveillance

Therefore, in management cycles, resource distribution in consideration of optimization of the total enterprise and definition of controllable processes become necessary. Definitions of the following two management cycles in project domains should be specified and the role and responsibility in process should be also clarified:

• Program management cycle

• Project management cycle

As is described in "III.4. Steps of Program Management," the program management cycle means a series of processes for integrated management of multiple projects that are implemented to achieve the same mission. It consists of processes for decision making out of the framework of project such as selection of projects, and determination of order of priorities, such as coordination among projects.

The program management cycle also means a series of processes for managerial operations and decision making to achieve given goals. It is a process to reasonably solve many issues incurred through the life cycle of a project.

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Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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