Goals and Objectives

Goals and objectives are usually short declarative statements, with goals being rather broad and objectives under each goal being somewhat more specific, although some treat goals and objectives in reverse order. They are often established for programs in distinction to projects. For this reason, they may not be a firm requirement as part of a project plan. An illustrative set of goals and objectives is shown in Table 3.1, in relation to an overall defense science and technology strategy.

Another example of a stated objective, as articulated by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) in a real-world project procurement [3.3], is

1. To support marine safety and law enforcement activities

2. To record activities and resource usage

3. To analyze mission performance

4. To monitor program effectiveness and resource usage

TABLE 3.1 Illustrative Defense Science and Technology Goals and Objectives

Goal A: Deterrence

Objectives

A.1 Deploy weapon systems that can locate, identify, track, and target strategically relocatable targets.

A.2 Attain worldwide, all-weather force projection capability to conduct limited warfare operations (including special operations forces and low intensity conflict) without the requirement for main operating bases, including a rapid deployment force that is logistically independent for 30 days.

A.3 Eliminate the threat posed by nuclear ballistic missiles of all ranges, through non-nuclear methods and in compliance with all existing treaties.

Goal B: Superiority

Objectives

B.1 Attain affordable, on-demand launch and orbit transfer capabilities for space deployed assets with robust, survivable command and control links.

B.2 Regain the substantial antisubmarine warfare advantages the United States enjoyed until recent years.

B.3 Achieve worldwide, instantaneous, secure, survivable, and robust command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) capabilities within 20 years to include: (a) on-demand surveillance of selected geographical areas; (b) real-time information transfer to command and control authority; and (c) responsive, secure communications from decision makers for operational implementation.

B.4 Field weapon systems and platforms that deny enemy targeting and allow penetration of enemy defenses by taking full advantage of signature management and electronic warfare.

B.5 Deploy enhanced, affordable close combat and air defense systems to overmatch threat systems.

B.6 Field affordable ''brilliant weapons'' that can autonomously acquire, classify, track, and destroy a broad spectrum of targets (hard fixed, hard mobile, communications nodes, etc.).

Goal C: Affordability

Objectives

C.1 Reduce operations and support resource requirements by 50% without impairing combat capability.

C.2 Reduce manpower requirements for a given military capability by 10% or more by 2010.

C.3 Ensure the affordability, producibility, and availability of future weapons systems.

5. To exchange information between USCG offices, other government agencies at the federal and state level, natural resource trustees, and certain private organizations

6. To fulfill specific statutory requirements

We note that these statements of objectives are concise and to the point and refer specifically to the project work that is being procured by the customer, in this case from the Coast Guard.

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