The directive approach represents old management technology. It assumes that the project manager is the person who can do the best job of planning and controlling the project. The project manager does the planning and then delegates tasks to the team members. He or she then follows up with individual team members to make sure they are completing their tasks on time. Communication flow is primarily between the team member and the project leader. If a problem is encountered, it's up to the leader to solve it. (See Figure 1.2.)
Although the directive style is useful in some circumstances because it saves time in planning the project, it has a number of significant downsides:
^ The whole project takes longer because the phase in which the work gets done (called execution), which is the longest phase of any project, takes longer due to confusion, misunderstandings, and rework (having to redo work because it wasn't done right the first time).
✓ Team members have little understanding of the project as a whole or how their work fits into the big picture.
✓ There is little team ownership or commitment to the project.
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What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.