A Design by promoter or a consultant

The whole of the design, including all drawings and specifications, is completed before construction tenders are sought - except for drawings not needed for tendering purposes, such as for concrete reinforcement. A promoter may have sufficient staff to undertake design work 'in house' or he may put all design out to a consultant, or divide the design work between them. On schemes involving different types of engineering, design may be let out in separate 'packages' to different specialist...

Billing of quantities for building work

Quite complicated buildings often form part of a civil engineering project, for example power station buildings, pumping stations, stores, administrative offices or laboratories. The CESMM gives units of measurement for some common building operations, but the nature of building work is so diverse that, in practice, many more items than shown in CESMM will be found necessary. The CESMM will usually be found suitable for billing all work required to complete the framework, walling, cladding and...

The contractors initial work

The contractor's agent will probably come to site with a small nucleus of permanent employees, and his main aim will be to get started on the actual work of construction as soon as possible. He will have to visit the local employment office or employment agencies to make arrangements for taking men on site. The agent will find it necessary to have some clerical assistance on site from the start for preference his site co-ordinator and office manager will accompany him and will start getting to...

Roles of the key participants in a construction contract

A construction contract is made between two parties only - 'the Employer' and 'the Contractor'. Their roles are defined in the contract. However, because there is a need for day-to-day supervision of civil engineering construction, the two parties may agree that a third person should carry out such duties. This third person can have varying powers under the contract and this is reflected in his designation. He can be designated 'the Engineer' under the contract or he may be designated 'the...

GCWorks General Conditions of Government Contracts for Building and Civil Engineering Works Edition

This edition is used mainly by UK government departments. They are, in consequence, widely used and are available in a number of different forms, for example, for payment by priced bills of quantities, lump sum, schedule of rates, or for design and construct, or supply only contracts. The contract is administered by a project manager or supervising officer who may be given powers similar to those of the engineer under the ICE conditions, but this depends on the policy of the government...

More difficult cases of trouble

One of the most difficult things for the RE to tolerate is to stand by and see the agent make a mess of things. He cannot step in and tell the agent how to do his job, but he may see time wasted, unsuitable methods tried and abandoned, errors having to be rectified, and lack of control and proper planning. He may get to hear, in a roundabout way, of complaints from the agent's men about the way the job is run. He fears that all this indicates trouble in the future and does not know quite what...

Development of concrete practice

Although many contractors now use 'ready-mix' concrete where it is convenient and economic, there are still many projects on which concrete is mixed on site. On remote sites and sites overseas there may be no ready-mix suppliers. If large pours are required it may be more economic for a contractor to produce concrete on site. In other cases a contractor may fear a ready-mix supplier would not be able to cope with variations in his site requirements. Traffic holdups can cause delay to delivery...