Project management is quickly becoming the method of management for more and more industries. Projects are being done for everything from building the largest skyscrapers to planning the smallest wedding. Many large companies now have a stated policy to manage their entire company using project management methods. We hope to encourage the use of project management in all businesses, and we hope to encourage and help project managers learn more about the profession of project management and pass the Project Management Professional (PMP®) examination.
If the professional organization for project managers, the Project Management Institute (PMI®), has been instrumental in promoting project management, we should be able to get some idea of the growth of project management by looking at the growth of the membership in this organization. Founded in 1969, PMI has now been in existence more than thirty-five years. When I joined PMI in 1989 they boasted of having about 5,000 members and a thousand Project Management Professionals (PMPs). Since 1989 the organization has experienced fantastic growth. In 2004, PMI's membership was well over 100,000, and the number of PMPs was over 75,000. These numbers represent a growth greater than even PMI had anticipated.
Of course, all project managers and those working in the project management profession are not members of PMI, just as all people practicing any profession do not join a professional organization. If the growth of PMI is any indication of the growth in the project management profession itself, then it can easily be said that the profession is growing by great leaps.
PMI has done much for the growth of project management as a profession. It has set the standards for the body of knowledge that makes up the project management profession. In 2001 PMI received ISO 9001 recognition for its PMP certification program from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). This indicates that PMI's program for certifying individuals as PMPs meets the highest international quality standards. According to the ISO, a standard is a ''document approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines, or characteristics for products, processes, or services with which compliance is not mandatory.''
In addition PMI was able to obtain American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
See copyright page for full registration information.
recognition for the Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®). This certification makes this guide the standard document for project management knowledge.
Other factors have contributed to the growth of the profession as well. The body of knowledge that comprises project management contains very few tools and techniques that were not around before we started calling the work of doing projects ''project management.'' Gantt charts have been around for nearly a hundred years, PERT analysis was a tool invented in the 1950s, and concepts of teamwork and participative management have been around for that long as well. What project management as a profession does is draw these tools together into a homogeneous whole and forge them into a new tool that produces reliable results in the management of projects.
Was this article helpful?
What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.